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s

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from to

Commission File Number: 001-37344

 

Party City Holdco Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Delaware

46-0539758

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

100 Tice Blvd. Woodcliff Lake, NJ

 

07677

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(Zip Code)

(973) 453-8601

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

 

Trading Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

 

 

 

 

 

 

Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Yes ☐ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☐ No

Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files.) Yes ☑ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b) ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No ☑

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court. ☐ Yes ☑ No

The aggregate market value of common stock held by non-affiliates as of June 30, 2022 was $149,147,731. As of March 28, 2024, there were no shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding that are publicly traded.

 

 


 

FORM 10-K

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

PART I

 

 

 

 

Item 1

Business

3

Item 1A

Risk Factors

17

Item 1B

Unresolved Staff Comments

31

Item 2

Properties

32

Item 3

Legal Proceedings

34

Item 4

Mine Safety Disclosures

34

 

 

 

 

PART II

 

 

 

 

Item 5

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

35

Item 6

[Reserved]

36

Item 7

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

37

Item 7A

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

53

Item 8

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

54

Item 9

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

112

Item 9A

Controls and Procedures

112

Item 9B

Other Information

114

Item 9C

Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdiction that Prevent Inspections

114

 

PART III

 

 

 

 

Item 10

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

115

Item 11

Executive Compensation

115

Item 12

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

137

Item 13

Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions and Director Independence

137

Item 14

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

139

 

 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

 

 

Item 15

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

140

Item 16

Form 10-K Summary

146

 

 

 

 


 

PART I

Forward-Looking Statements

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains information that may constitute forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 relate to expectations, beliefs, projections, future plans and strategies, anticipated events or trends and similar expressions concerning matters that are not historical facts and are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements. Many factors could cause actual results to differ materially from the Company’s forward-looking statements, such as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and other current macroeconomic conditions, our prospects and strategies for future growth and the development and introduction of new products. In many cases you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “believes,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “targets,” “estimates,” “intends,” “will,” “may” or “plans” and similar expressions.

Such statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties, some of which are beyond our control, and assumptions that could cause actual results of operations or performance to differ materially from expectations. These risks and uncertainties, are detailed in the “Risk Factors” section in Part I, Item 1A and the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” sections in Part II, Item 7 and Item 7A of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We could also be affected by additional factors that apply to all companies operating globally and in the U.S., as well as other risks that are not presently known to the Company or that the Company currently considers to be immaterial. In addition, from time to time, we have entered into business combinations, acquisitions, divestitures, strategic investments and other significant transactions. Such forward-looking statements do not include the potential impact of any such transactions that may be completed after the date hereof, each of which may present material risks to the Company’s business and financial results. All forward-looking statements are qualified by these cautionary statements, reflect our current expectations and are based upon data available to us at the time the statements were made, and are made only as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Any such forward-looking statements should be considered in context with the various disclosures made by us about our business. Unless required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect new information or future events or otherwise. You should, however, review the factors and risks we describe in the reports we will file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) after the date of the filing of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

In this Annual Report on Form 10-K references to “Party City Holdco,” “Party City,” the “Company,” “we,” “our,” “ours” and “us” refer to Party City Holdco Inc. (“PCH”), a Delaware corporation formed in 2012, and its consolidated subsidiaries unless stated or the context otherwise requires.

Item 1. Business

Overview

We are a global leader in the celebrations industry, with offerings spanning more than 70 countries around the world. We believe we are the largest vertically integrated designer, manufacturer, distributor, and retailer of party goods in North America. PCH operates across multiple businesses within its Retail Division and Consumer Products (Wholesale) Division. Our retail division is the leading omnichannel retailer in the celebrations category, operating approximately 800 company-operated and franchise specialty retail party supply stores operating under the names Party City (partycity.com), as well as Halloween City (halloweencity.com), which offer traditional in-store shopping, rapid, contactless, and same-day in-store and curbside pickup and same-day shipping options. Our Consumer Products (Wholesale) Division includes Amscan, an industry leader in designing and manufacturing celebration décor, tableware, costumes, and accessories, with items found in retail outlets worldwide, including independent party supply stores, mass merchants, grocery retailers, and e-commerce merchandisers. We combine state-of-the-art manufacturing and sourcing operations, sophisticated wholesale operations, and multi-channel retail and e-commerce retail operations to design, manufacture, source, and distribute party goods, including paper and plastic tableware, metallic and latex balloons, Halloween and other costumes, accessories, novelties, gifts, and stationery throughout the world.

3


 

Chapter 11 Cases

On January 17, 2023 (the “PCHI Petition Date”), the Company and certain of its domestic subsidiaries (collectively, the “Debtors”) filed voluntary petitions (the “Chapter 11 Cases”) in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas (the “Bankruptcy Court”) seeking relief under Chapter 11 of Title 11 of the United States Code (the “Bankruptcy Code”). The Company’s Anagram Holdings, LLC, (“Anagram”) subsidiary, Anagram’s subsidiaries (together with Anagram, the “Anagram Entities”), and the Company’s foreign subsidiaries were not included in the Chapter 11 Cases and continued to operate in the ordinary course of business throughout the duration of the Chapter 11 Cases. On January 18, 2023, the Bankruptcy Court granted the Debtors’ motion to jointly administer the Chapter 11 Cases for procedural purposes only under the caption In re: Party City Holdco Inc., et. al. (Case No. 23-90005). To ensure its ability to continue operating in the ordinary course of business, the Debtors also filed with the Bankruptcy Court a variety of motions seeking “first-day” relief, which were approved by the Bankruptcy Court and permitted the Debtors to operate in the ordinary course during the Chapter 11 Cases and included the interim approval of a debtor-in-possession term loan facility (the “DIP Facility”) as described below. The Debtors continued to operate their business and manage their properties as “debtors-in-possession” in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code and orders of the Bankruptcy Court throughout the duration of the Chapter 11 Cases.

On the PCHI Petition Date, the Debtors entered into a Restructuring Support Agreement (along with subsequent amendments made throughout the Chapter 11 Cases, the “RSA”) with certain holders (collectively, the “Initial Consenting Noteholders”) of the Secured Floating Rate 2025 Notes (as defined herein) and the Secured Fixed Rate 2026 Notes (as defined herein). Capitalized terms used in “Item 1. Business” but not otherwise defined herein shall have the meaning given to such terms in the RSA. The RSA contemplates a restructuring (the “Restructuring”) of the Debtors pursuant to a joint plan of reorganization (the “Plan,” as further described below). Among other things, the RSA provided for:

The entry into the DIP Facility, which was fully backstopped by the Initial Consenting Noteholders in the amount of $150 million, which was approved by the Bankruptcy Court on an interim basis on January 18, 2023 and on a final basis on March 3, 2023, as discussed below;
The (a) equitization of the Secured Notes in exchange for the equity of the reorganized Company, subject to dilution by any Reorganized Securities issued pursuant to the Rights Offering to be consummated at emergence from the Chapter 11 Cases, the Management Incentive Plan, and, to the extent applicable, the Reorganized Securities issued to lenders who provide backstop commitments under the DIP Facility in consideration for their backstop commitments, as a result of the DIP Equitization or (b) such other treatment of the Secured Notes as agreed by the Initial Consenting Noteholders;
Either repayment in cash upon emergence of the amounts outstanding under the Company’s ABL Facility and its FILO Facility (each as defined below) with proceeds from a third-party financing or, with the agreement of the holders thereof, the rolling of such outstanding amounts into a new asset-based lending exit facility, in each case as acceptable to the Debtors and the Initial Consenting Noteholders;
The treatment of general unsecured claims to be governed by the terms of the Plan and to be acceptable to the Debtors and the Initial Consenting Noteholders; and
The cancellation, extinguishment, and discharge of the existing common stock of the Company and any other equity securities of the Company, with existing equity in the Company receiving no recovery or distribution.

On January 18, 2023, the Bankruptcy Court approved the Debtors’ proposed $150 million senior secured super priority priming DIP Facility on an interim basis. On January 19, 2023, certain of the Debtors entered into the credit agreement governing the DIP Facility along with certain financial institutions party thereto as lenders and Ankura Trust Company, LLC (the “DIP Credit Agreement”), as the administrative agent and collateral agent, and the closing of the DIP Facility occurred on the same day.

An initial draw of $75 million under the DIP Facility was made on January 19, 2023, and the proceeds were used in accordance with the DIP Facility budget to, among other things, (i) pay the administrative costs and

4


 

expenses of the Chapter 11 Cases and the DIP Facility and (ii) fund general corporate purposes. A second draw of $75 million was made following the Bankruptcy Court’s entry of the order approving the DIP Facility on a final basis on March 3, 2023. The second draw of borrowings for $75 million was used for the same purposes as the first draw.

The DIP Facility was secured by perfected senior security interests and liens having the priorities set forth in the DIP Credit Agreement on substantially all assets of the Debtors.

The DIP Facility terminated on October 12, 2023 as part of the Debtors' emergence from the Chapter 11 Cases, as discussed in more detail below.

The filing of the Chapter 11 Cases constituted an event of default that accelerated the Company’s following debt obligations: i) its asset-based revolving credit facility (the “Prepetition ABL Facility”); ii) its asset-based first-in, last-out revolving tranche (the “FILO Facility”); iii) its senior secured first lien floating rate notes due 2025 (the “Secured Floating Rate 2025 Notes”); iv) its 8.750% senior secured first lien notes due 2026 (the “Secured Fixed Rate 2026 Notes”); v) its 6.125% senior notes due 2023; and vi) its 6.625% senior notes due 2026. Any efforts to enforce payment obligations on the Debtors’ debt agreements were automatically stayed as a result of the filing of the Chapter 11 Cases and the holders’ rights of enforcement in respect of the Debtors’ debt agreements were subject to the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code.

On April 4, 2023, the Company filed the initial version of its Plan and a related proposed form of Disclosure Statement (the “Disclosure Statement”) with the Bankruptcy Court. The Plan was since amended four times, with the last amendment of the Plan filed on August 31, 2023. The Plan intended to implement the previously disclosed Restructuring contemplated by the RSA. The Plan and the related Disclosure Statement describe, among other things, the Plan; the Restructuring contemplated by the RSA; the events leading to the Chapter 11 Cases; certain events that have occurred or were anticipated to occur during the Chapter 11 Cases, including the anticipated solicitation of votes to approve the Plan from certain of the Debtors’ creditors and certain other aspects of the Restructuring.

Subsequent Event - Emergence from Chapter 11 Cases

On September 6, 2023, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order confirming the Plan (the “Confirmation Order”).

On October 12, 2023 (the “Effective Date”), the Plan became effective in accordance with its terms, and the Debtors emerged from the Chapter 11 Cases. The emergence events discussed below occurred subsequent to the December 31, 2022 date of the condensed consolidated balance sheet presented in this report and are, therefore, not reflected in the financial statements presented in this report.

On the Effective Date, in connection with the effectiveness of, and pursuant to the terms of, the Plan and the Confirmation Order, the Company’s common stock outstanding immediately before the Effective Date was canceled and is of no further force or effect, and the new organizational documents of the Company became effective, authorizing the issuance of shares of common stock representing 100% of the equity interests in the Company (the “New PCHI Shares”). In accordance with the foregoing, on the Effective Date, the Company, as reorganized on the Effective Date in accordance with the Plan, issued 13,374,519 New PCHI Shares and the 12.00% Senior Secured Second Lien PIK Toggle Notes (the “Second Lien Notes” and together with the New PCHI Shares, the “New Securities”). The New Securities issued pursuant to the Plan, including the New Securities issued upon the exercise of the Subscription Rights (as defined in the backstop commitment agreement (as amended, supplemented, or modified from time to time, together with all exhibits and schedules thereto, the “Backstop Agreement”) with the commitment parties thereto (collectively, the “Commitment Parties”)) in connection with the rights offering (the “Rights Offering”), consisting of a purchase price of $75 million aggregate principal amount (a portion of the $232.4 million aggregate principal amount of the Company’s Second Lien Notes) and 3,634,614 New PCHI Shares), all New Securities issued to the Commitment Parties in respect of their commitments under the Backstop Agreement and in connection with the Rights Offering was issued in reliance upon the exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) provided by section 1145 of the Bankruptcy Code and, to the extent such exemption was unavailable, was issued in reliance on the exemption provided by section 4(a)(2) under the Securities Act or another applicable exemption.

5


 

Equity Interests

On the Effective Date, all interests in the Company that existed immediately prior to the Effective Date were cancelled, and the Company issued or caused to be issued the New PCHI Shares in accordance with the terms of the Plan. Pursuant to the Plan, each holder of an Allowed Secured Notes Claim (as defined in the Plan) received, among other things, its pro rata share of 100% of the New PCHI Shares, subject to dilution by the New PCHI Shares issued as DIP Reorganized Securities (as defined in the Plan), the New PCHI Shares issued in connection with the Rights Offering (including in partial satisfaction of the Backstop Commitment Premium (as defined in the Plan)), and the MIP Equity Pool (as defined in the Plan). 100% of the New PCHI Shares is less than 1% of all shares issued at emergence post-dilution. See “Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities” section later in this footnote.

Claims Treatment Under the Plan

In accordance with the Plan, holders of claims against and interests in the Debtors received (or shall receive, as soon as reasonably practicable following the date such holder’s claim or interest becomes an Allowed Claim or Interest (each as defined in the Plan)) the following treatment (capitalized terms used but not defined in this section have the meanings ascribed to them in the Plan):

Prepetition ABL Revolver Claims. Each holder of an Allowed Prepetition ABL Revolver Claim voted to accept the Plan and elected to participate in the ABL Exit Facility, and the ABL Exit Facility Trigger occurred, such that (i) each such holder’s Allowed Prepetition ABL Revolver Claims was deemed repaid and refinanced in full by such holder’s extension and receipt of its Pro Rata share of ABL Revolving Credit Loans and (ii) such holder assumed a commitment with respect to the ABL Exit Facility equal to its (or its predecessor in interest’s) commitment under the Prepetition ABL Facility immediately prior to the PCHI Petition Date.
Prepetition ABL FILO Claims. Each holder of an Allowed Prepetition ABL FILO Claim voted to accept the Plan and elected to participate in its Pro Rata share of the ABL Exit Facility, and the ABL Exit Facility Trigger occurred, such that each such holder’s Allowed Prepetition ABL FILO Claims was deemed repaid and refinanced in full by such holder’s extension and receipt of its Pro Rata share of ABL FILO Loans.
Secured Notes Claims. Each holder of an Allowed Secured Notes Claim received (i) its Pro Rata share of the New PCHI Shares issued on the Effective Date on account of the Allowed Secured Notes Claims, representing 100% of the New PCHI Shares outstanding on the Effective Date, subject to dilution by the New PCHI Shares issued as DIP Reorganized Securities, the New PCHI Shares issued in connection with the Rights Offering (including in partial satisfaction of the Backstop Commitment Premium), and the MIP Equity Pool and (ii) subscription rights to purchase up to its Pro Rata share of the securities comprising the Investment Package for an aggregate purchase price of $75 million offered in the Rights Offering in accordance with the Rights Offering Procedures.
General Unsecured Claims. Each holder of an Allowed General Unsecured Claim received its Pro Rata share of the General Unsecured Claim Recovery Pool.
Interests in the Company. Holders of Interests in the Company, including the Company’s common stock prior to emergence, received no recovery or distribution on account of such Interests, and upon emergence from Chapter 11, all such Interests in the Company were canceled, released, extinguished, and discharged, and are of no further force or effect.

Debt Securities and Agreements

Except for the purpose of evidencing a right to a distribution under the Plan or as otherwise provided in the Plan, on the Effective Date, the obligations of the Debtors under the Prepetition ABL Facility, the Secured Notes Indentures (as defined in the Plan), the Unsecured Notes Indentures (as defined the Plan), stock certificates, book entries, and any other certificate, share, note, bond, indenture, purchase right, option, warrant, or other instrument or document, directly or indirectly, evidencing or creating any indebtedness or obligation of or ownership interest in the Debtors giving rise to any claim or interest (except such certificates, notes or other instruments or documents evidencing indebtedness or obligations of, or interests in, the Debtors that are specifically reinstated pursuant to the Plan) were cancelled, and the duties and obligations of all parties thereto were deemed satisfied in full, canceled, released, discharged, and of no force or effect.

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New ABL Credit Agreement

On the Effective Date, pursuant to the terms of the Plan, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into an ABL credit agreement (the “New ABL Credit Agreement”), by and among the Company, as a parent guarantor, Party City Holdings Inc., a Delaware corporation, as the parent borrower (the “Parent Borrower”), Party City Corporation, a Delaware corporation, and each other subsidiary of the Borrowers party thereto as a subsidiary borrower from time to time (collectively with the Parent Borrower, the “Borrowers”), PC Intermediate Holdings, Inc. a Delaware corporation, as a parent guarantor (“Holdings”), the other subsidiaries of the Borrowers party thereto from time to time as subsidiary guarantors, the lenders party thereto from time to time, and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent and collateral agent (in such capacities, the “New ABL Agent”). The New ABL Credit Agreement provides for a $545 million senior secured asset-based revolving loan facility (with a $60 million sublimit for the issuance of letters of credit thereunder) (the “New ABL Revolving Facility” and the loans outstanding thereunder, the “New ABL Revolving Loans”) and a $17.1 million senior secured asset-based first-in last-out loan facility (the “New FILO Facility” and the loans outstanding thereunder, the “New FILO Loans”; the New FILO Facility together with the New ABL Revolving Facility, the “New ABL Facility”). The New ABL Facility is scheduled to mature on October 12, 2028.

All obligations of the Borrowers under the New ABL Credit Agreement, certain banking services obligations, and certain hedging obligations are unconditionally guaranteed, on a joint and several basis, by the Borrowers, Holdings, the Company, and the material domestic direct and indirect restricted subsidiaries of the Company, subject to certain exceptions and limitations described in the New ABL Credit Agreement (each a “New Loan Party” and collectively, the “New Loan Parties”). All such obligations, including the guarantees of the New ABL Facility, are secured by (i) first priority liens on substantially all assets of the New Loan Parties, and (ii) the equity interests in the New Loan Parties other than the Company, in each case, subject to certain exceptions and limitations described in the New ABL Credit Agreement.

The New ABL Revolving Loans and the New FILO Loans bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the applicable margin plus, at the Borrowers’ option, either: (i) an adjusted term SOFR rate, subject to a floor of 0.00% or (ii) a base rate, subject to a floor of 0.00%, determined as the greatest of (x) the prime loan rate as published in The Wall Street Journal, (y) the federal funds effective rate plus 0.50%, and (z) adjusted term SOFR rate for a one-month tenor plus 1.00%. The margin applicable to the loans bearing interest based on the adjusted term SOFR rate equals to: (i) with respect to the New ABL Revolving Loans, 4.00% and (ii) with respect to the New FILO Loans, 6.00%. The margin applicable to the loans bearing interest based on the base rate equals to: (i) with respect to the New ABL Revolving Loans, 3.00% and (ii) with respect to the New FILO Loans, 5.00%. The applicable margins are subject to a 0.50% increase on March 31, 2024 and an incremental 0.50% increase on June 30, 2024 if the Parent Borrower has, as of such date, not yet delivered to the New ABL Agent an audited consolidated balance sheet and related statements of income, stockholders' equity, and cash flows of the Company and its subsidiaries as of the end of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022. The Borrowers are required to pay interest on overdue principal or interest at the rate equal to 2.00% per annum in excess of the applicable interest rate under the New ABL Facility to the extent lawful.

Outstanding loans under the New ABL Credit Agreement are subject to an intercreditor agreement by and among the New ABL Agent, as the First Priority Representative for the First Priority Secured Parties and Wilmington Savings Fund Society, FSB, as the Second Priority Representative for the Second Priority Secured Parties (in each case, as defined therein) (the “Intercreditor Agreement”). The Intercreditor Agreement provides, among other things, that the liens securing the obligations under the Second Lien Notes rank junior in priority to the liens securing the obligations under the New ABL Credit Agreement.

The Borrowers are required to pay a quarterly commitment fee to each ABL Revolving Lender (as defined in the New ABL Credit Agreement), which accrues at a rate per annum equal to 0.50% on the average daily unused portion of such ABL Revolving Lender’s commitments under the New ABL Revolving Facility. The Borrowers are also required to pay participation fees and fronting fees with respect to letters of credit participation and issuance.

Borrowings under the New ABL Credit Agreement may be used to (i) refinance indebtedness under the prepetition asset-based revolving credit facility and (ii) finance the working capital needs and other general corporate purposes of the Parent Borrower and its subsidiaries. Availability of borrowings of New ABL Revolving Loans under the New ABL Credit Agreement is subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions, including, after giving effect to any such borrowings, aggregate credit exposure of lenders under the New ABL Credit Agreement

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not exceeding the lesser of the aggregate unblocked commitments and the borrowing base at such time. Borrowings of the New FILO Loans are only available on the Effective Date and if repaid or prepaid may not be reborrowed.

Under the New ABL Credit Agreement, the borrowing base at any time equals (a) a percentage of eligible inventory, plus (b) a percentage of eligible trade receivables, plus (c) a percentage of eligible credit card receivables, less (d) certain reserves.

Mandatory prepayment of loans under the New ABL Credit Agreement is required if the aggregate credit exposure of lenders under the New ABL Credit Agreement exceeds the borrowing base at such time. Such a mandatory prepayment would be applied to eliminate the availability shortfall as follows: first, to prepay the New ABL Revolving Loans or cash collateralize, backstop or replace letters of credit under the New ABL Facility; and second, to prepay the New FILO Loans. The loans under the New ABL Facility may be voluntarily prepaid without premium or penalty, other than customary breakage costs. Voluntary prepayments of loans under the New ABL Credit Agreement are applied to satisfy New FILO Loan obligations only after other outstanding loan obligations and letter of credit reimbursement obligations under the New ABL Credit Agreement are satisfied. Voluntary prepayments of New FILO Loans are additionally subject to the satisfaction of the Payment Conditions discussed below.

The New ABL Credit Agreement requires the Borrowers to maintain, at all times, Excess Unadjusted Availability (as defined in the New ABL Credit Agreement) of at least the greater of (i) 10.0% of the Total Line Cap (as defined in the New ABL Credit Agreement) and (ii) $46 million.

The New ABL Credit Agreement contains negative covenants that limit, among other things, the Borrowers’ ability and the ability of their restricted subsidiaries to: (i) incur, assume, or guarantee additional indebtedness; (ii) create, incur, or assume liens; (iii) make investments; (iv) merge or consolidate with or into any other person or undergo certain other fundamental changes; (v) transfer or sell assets; (vi) pay dividends or distributions on capital stock or redeem or repurchase capital stock; (vii) enter into transactions with certain affiliates; (viii) repay or redeem certain indebtedness; (ix) sell stock of its subsidiaries; or (x) enter into certain burdensome agreements. These negative covenants are subject to a number of important limitations and exceptions. The Borrowers and their restricted subsidiaries can make certain acquisitions, restrictive payments, payments of certain indebtedness and investments if, after giving pro forma effect to such transactions, the “Payment Conditions” (as defined in the New ABL Credit Agreement) are met, which include, among other things: (i) 90-Day Excess Availability and Excess Availability (each as defined in the New ABL Credit Agreement) are equal to or greater than the greater of (x) 25.0% of the Total Line Cap and (y) $120 million and (ii) the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio (as defined in the New ABL Credit Agreement) is at least 1.00 to 1.00.

Additionally, the New ABL Credit Agreement contains other covenants, representations and warranties, and events of default that are customary for a financing of this type. Events of default include, among other things, nonpayment of principal or interest, breach of covenants, breach of representations and warranties, failure to pay final judgments in excess of a specified threshold, failure of a guarantee to remain in effect, failure of a collateral document to create an effective security interest in collateral, bankruptcy and insolvency events, cross-default to other material indebtedness, and a change of control. The occurrence of any event of default under the ABL Credit Agreement would permit all obligations under the New ABL Facility to be declared due and payable immediately and all commitments thereunder to be terminated.

Second Lien Notes

On the Effective Date, PCHI issued $232.4 million in aggregate principal amount of Second Lien Notes. The Second Lien Notes are scheduled to mature on January 11, 2029. Interest on the Second Lien Notes accrues at a rate of 12.00% per annum, payable, at the Company’s option, either in cash or by increasing the amount of the Second Lien Notes outstanding, on February 15, May 15, August 15, and November 15 of each year, commencing February 15, 2024.

The Second Lien Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture (the “Second Lien Notes Indenture”), by and among the Company, the guarantors party thereto, and Wilmington Savings Fund Society, FSB, as trustee, collateral agent, paying agent, and registrar.

The Second Lien Notes are jointly and severally irrevocably and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior secured basis by certain subsidiaries of the Company, including all “New Loan Parties” (other than the Company) under the New ABL Credit Agreement. The Second Lien Notes and such guarantees are secured by second priority

8


 

liens on the assets subject to liens securing the New ABL Facility, including the equity interests of each guarantor of the Second Lien Notes, all assets owned by the Company as of the Effective Date or acquired thereafter, certain assets related thereto, and substantially all other assets of the Company and such guarantors, in each case, subject to certain exceptions and limitations. The outstanding Second Lien Notes are subject to the Intercreditor Agreement. The following is a brief description of the material provisions of the Second Lien Notes Indenture and the Second Lien Notes.

On or after April 11, 2025, the Company may redeem all of the Second Lien Notes at 100% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the redemption date. The Company may also redeem the Second Lien Notes, in whole or in part, at any time and from time to time prior to April 11, 2025 at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount, plus the Applicable Premium (as defined in the Second Lien Notes Indenture), plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the applicable redemption date. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if a Change of Control (as defined in the Second Lien Notes Indenture) occurs, then, within 60 days of such Change of Control, the Company must offer to purchase all outstanding Second Lien Notes at a redemption price equal to 101% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the date of purchase.

The Second Lien Notes Indenture contains covenants that limit, among other things, the ability of the Company and certain of its subsidiaries to: (i) incur, assume, or guarantee additional indebtedness; (ii) pay dividends or distributions on capital stock or redeem or repurchase capital stock; (iii) make investments; (iv) repay or redeem junior debt; (v) sell stock of its subsidiaries; (vi) transfer or sell assets; (vii) create, incur, or assume liens; or (viii) enter into transactions with certain affiliates. These covenants are subject to a number of important limitations and exceptions.

The Second Lien Notes Indenture also provides for certain customary events of default, including, among other things, nonpayment of principal or interest, breach of covenants, failure to pay final judgments in excess of a specified threshold, failure of a guarantee to remain in effect, failure of a security document to create an effective security interest in collateral, bankruptcy and insolvency events, and cross acceleration, which would permit the principal, premium, if any, interest, and other monetary obligations on all the then outstanding Second Lien Notes to be declared due and payable immediately.

Registration Rights Agreement

On the Effective Date, the Company entered into a registration rights agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”) with certain parties who received New PCHI Shares under the Plan (“RRA Shareholders”). Pursuant to the Registration Rights Agreement, following the completion of an initial public offering (as defined in the Registration Rights Agreement, an “IPO”), the Company will file a shelf registration statement promptly, no later than a date that is 30 days following the later of the IPO and the date of the expiration of the lockup agreement with the underwriters in such IPO. However, the Company is not required to file the shelf registration statement unless RRA Shareholders request the inclusion of Registrable Securities (as defined in the Registration Rights Agreement) constituting at least 25% of all Registrable Securities.

The RRA Shareholders also have demand registration rights, provided that such RRA Shareholders request the inclusion of Registrable Securities constituting at least 25% of all Registrable Securities or the gross proceeds of the offering are expected to be at least $50 million, and customary piggyback registration rights.

The Company will generally pay all registration expenses in connection with its obligations under the Registration Rights Agreement, regardless of whether a registration statement is filed or becomes effective. The registration rights granted in the Registration Rights Agreement are subject to customary indemnification and contribution provisions, as well as customary restrictions such as blackout periods.

Stockholders’ Agreement

On the Effective Date, the Company entered into a stockholders agreement (the “Stockholders Agreement”) with holders of common stock of the Company (the “Stockholders”), pursuant to which each of the Stockholders agreed to certain restrictions on the transfer of the common stock of the Company and the Company agreed (i) to provide to certain Stockholders the right to designate directors of the board, subject to certain limitations, (ii) to certain limitations and obligations on its operations without Stockholder approval and (iii) to provide certain information to the Stockholders. Pursuant to the Plan, each holder of common stock of the Company on the

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Effective Date was deemed to be a party to, and bound by, the Stockholders Agreement, regardless of whether such holder executed a signature page thereto.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

On the Effective Date, pursuant to the Plan:

36,879 New PCHI Shares were issued pro rata to holders of Secured Notes Claims in partial exchange for the cancellation of the Secured Notes (as defined in the Plan), representing 0.3% of all shares issued at emergence;
3,516,079 New PCHI Shares were issued to holders of Secured Notes Claims (or their designees) in exchange for exercising Subscription Rights under the Rights Offering, representing 26.3% of all shares issued at emergence;
118,535 New PCHI Shares were issued to certain holders of Secured Notes Claims that purchased in connection with their Backstop Commitments (as defined in the Backstop Agreement), the New PCHI Shares that were offered in the Rights Offering and not properly subscribed for, representing 0.9% of all shares issued at emergence;
363,462 New PCHI Shares were issued to certain holders of Secured Notes Claims in exchange for providing $75 million of Backstop Commitments to the Debtors in connection with the Rights Offering, representing 2.7% of all shares issued at emergence; and
9,339,564 New PCHI Shares were issued to holders of Allowed DIP Claims on account of such holders’ DIP Loans (each as defined in the Plan), representing 69.8% of all shares issued at emergence.

Subsequent Event - Anagram Bankruptcy

On November 8, 2023 (the “Anagram Petition Date”), the Anagram Entities (collectively, the “Anagram Debtors”) filed voluntary petitions (the “Anagram Chapter 11 Cases”) in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas (the “Anagram Bankruptcy Court”) seeking relief under the Bankruptcy Code. The Company and certain of its domestic subsidiaries were not included in the Anagram Chapter 11 Cases and continue to operate in the ordinary course of business throughout the duration of the Anagram Chapter 11 Cases. On November 8, 2023, the Anagram Bankruptcy Court granted the Anagram Debtors’ motion to jointly administer the Anagram Chapter 11 Cases for procedural purposes only under the caption In re: Anagram Holdings, LLC, et. al. (Case No. 23-90901). To ensure its ability to continue operating in the ordinary course of business, the Anagram Debtors also filed with the Anagram Bankruptcy Court a variety of motions seeking “first-day” relief, which were approved by the Anagram Bankruptcy Court and permitted the Anagram Debtors to operate in the ordinary course during the Anagram Chapter 11 Cases and included the interim approval of a debtor-in-possession ABL facility (the “Anagram DIP ABL Facility”) and a debtor-in-possession note purchase agreement and notes indenture (the facility issued thereunder, the “Anagram DIP Notes Facility”). The Anagram Debtors continue to operate their business and manage their properties as “debtors-in-possession” in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code and orders of the Anagram Bankruptcy Court throughout the duration of the Anagram Chapter 11 Cases.

The Anagram Entities subsequently received final approval from the Anagram Bankruptcy Court for the Anagram DIP Notes ($22 million new money commitment), with the commitments coming from a group of their existing secured lenders, and the Anagram DIP ABL Facility ($15 million gradual roll-up of the Anagram Entities’ prepetition asset-based lending facility).

On November 8, 2023, the Anagram Entities filed certain documents with the Anagram Bankruptcy Court disclosing that an agreement was reached with a group of their lenders as the “Stalking Horse” bidder to acquire substantially all of Anagram’s assets through a credit bid with a value of at least $175 million in a Section 363 transaction under the Bankruptcy Code, subject to higher or otherwise better offers and court approval. As part of this agreement, the “Stalking Horse” bidder committed to hire all Anagram employees and assume all pre and post-petition trade payables. No other bids were received other than the Stalking Horse bid prior to the bid deadline of December 15, 2023. The sale hearing was held on December 22, 2023, during which the Anagram Bankruptcy Court approved the sale to the Stalking Horse bidder. The sale formally closed on December 29, 2023.

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The Anagram Chapter 11 Cases was a reconsideration event for PCHI to reevaluate whether consolidation of Anagram continues to be appropriate. We have concluded that the power to make material decisions for Anagram has been transferred to the Bankruptcy Court, and, therefore, PCHI no longer controls Anagram as of the Anagram Petition Date (November 8, 2023). Accordingly, we concluded that PCHI should deconsolidate Anagram effective on the Anagram Petition Date. As such, amounts presented in the Company’s future financial statements and notes thereto will exclude the operating results, cash flows, assets, liabilities, and equity of Anagram subsequent to November 8, 2023.

Industry Overview

We operate in the broadly defined celebrations industry, which includes the retail party goods industry and the Halloween market. The party goods industry includes decorative paper and plastic tableware, costumes, decorations, accessories, and balloons, all of which are supported by a range of vendors from commodity paper goods producers to party goods manufacturers. The retail landscape for decorated party goods is comprised primarily of party superstores, mass merchants, e-commerce merchandisers, craft stores, grocery retailers, and dollar stores. Sales of party goods are fueled by everyday events such as backyard BBQs, graduations, birthdays, baby showers, weddings, and anniversaries, as well as seasonal events such as holidays and other special occasions.

Segments

We have two reportable segments: retail and wholesale. In 2022, we generated 81.8% of our total revenues from our retail segment and 18.2% of our total revenues from our wholesale segment.

Our retail segment generates revenue primarily through the sale of our party supplies through our Party City stores, Halloween City stores, and partycity.com.

Our wholesale segment revenues are generated from the sale of decorated party goods, balloons, and costumes for all occasions. Our products are sold at wholesale to party superstores (including our company-operated retail stores and franchised stores operating principally as “Party City” and “Halloween City”), and unaffiliated specialty retailers, mass merchants, e-commerce merchandisers, craft stores, grocery retailers, drug, and convenience. Wholesale revenues are generated primarily by our Amscan business.

Financial information about our industry segments and geographic segments is provided in Note 16 of our consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8, for additional details.

Product Lines

Our enterprise-wide product lines span a wide variety of ways to celebrate everyday events including from birthdays to theme parties to sporting events. Additionally, we offer seasonal products throughout the year to decorate and dress up for holidays such as Halloween, Christmas, New Year’s Eve, and Mardi Gras. Our product offering is designed to provide everything needed to throw an amazing event and capture life’s special moments including a wide range of décor, tabletop, balloons, and wearable product formats.

 

Category

 

Items

 

Tableware

 

Plastic plates, paper plates, plastic cups, paper cups, paper napkins, plastic cutlery, table covers

 

Costumes & accessories

 

Costumes, other wearables, wigs

 

Decorations

 

Latex balloons, piñatas, crepes, flags and banners, decorative tissues, stickers and confetti, scene setters, garland, centerpieces

 

Balloons

 

Foil and latex, bouquets, standard 18-inch Sing-A-Tune, SuperShape, air-filled decorative, weights, accessories

 

Favors, stationery & other

 

Party favors, gift bags, gift wrap, invitations, bows, stationery

 

Retail Operations

Overview

Party City has grown to become what we believe is the largest operator of company-operated and franchised party superstores by revenue in the United States. We provide a broad and deep product assortment at a compelling value with an average of 25,000 SKUs offered at any one time through our retail stores and 40,000 SKUs offered online through our e-commerce platform. We keep our assortment current by frequently introducing new products.

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We organize our stores by events and themes to facilitate customer shopping while consistently presenting customers with additional product ideas that will enhance their events and our sales. With our product selection and convenient locations, we believe customers associate Party City with successful celebrations, and as a result, we believe our physical and online stores will continue to be seen as the favored destination for party supplies and related innovative ideas.

Our websites, including partycity.com and halloweencity.com, offer a convenient, user-friendly, and secure online shopping option for our customers. In support of our website sales, we offer rapid, contactless, and same-day in-store and curbside pickup and same-day shipping options. In addition to the ability to order products, our websites provide a substantial amount of content about our party products, party planning ideas, and promotional offers. The websites are also one of our key marketing vehicles, specifically as they relate to social media marketing initiatives.

Our Company-operated stores are located entirely in the United States. We have franchised stores throughout the United States and Puerto Rico, which are operated by franchisees utilizing our format, design specifications, methods, standards, operating procedures, systems, and trademarks. Our wholesale sales to franchised stores generally mirror, with respect to relative size, mix, and category, sales to our company-operated stores. We are not currently marketing, nor do we plan to market, franchises in the United States.

The following table (which excludes temporary Halloween City locations) shows the change in our company-operated Party City store network over the past three years:

 

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Stores open at beginning of year

 

 

759

 

 

 

746

 

 

 

777

 

Stores opened

 

 

11

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

5

 

Stores acquired from franchisees/others

 

 

11

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

6

 

Stores closed

 

 

(6

)

 

 

(7

)

 

 

(42

)

Stores open at end of year

 

 

775

 

 

 

759

 

 

 

746

 

The following table shows the change in our franchise-operated store network over the past three years:

 

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Stores open at beginning of year

 

 

72

 

 

 

85

 

 

 

98

 

Stores sold to the Company

 

 

(11

)

 

 

(10

)

 

 

(6

)

Stores closed

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(3

)

 

 

(7

)

Stores open at end of year

 

 

59

 

 

 

72

 

 

 

85

 

For a discussion regarding store lease negotiations as part of the Company’s bankruptcy reorganization plan, see Part I, Item 2, Properties below.

We receive revenue from our franchisees, consisting of an initial one-time fee and ongoing royalty fees, generally ranging from 4% to 6% of net sales. In exchange for these franchise fees, franchisees principally receive brand value and merchandising support with respect to planograms. Each franchisee has a mandated advertising budget, which consists of a minimum initial store opening promotion and ongoing local advertising and promotions. Additionally, franchisees must pay 2.25% of net sales to a group advertising fund to cover common advertising materials. Our franchise agreements provide us with a right of first refusal should any franchisee wish to dispose of its operations.

Current franchise agreements provide for an assigned area or territory that typically equals a three or four-mile radius from the franchisee’s store location and the right to use the Party City® logo and trademark. In addition, certain agreements with our franchisees and other business partners contain geographic limitations on opening new stores. For most stores, the franchisee or the majority owner of a corporate franchisee devotes full time to the management, operation, and on-premises supervision of the stores or groups of stores.

The number of franchisee stores have declined in recent years due in large part to strategic acquisitions of franchisee stores.

Retail Seasonality

Our retail operations are subject to significant seasonal variations. Historically, this segment has realized a significant portion of its revenues, cash flow, and net income in the fourth quarter of the year, principally due to our

12


 

Halloween sales in October and, to a lesser extent, year-end holiday sales. To maximize our seasonal opportunity, we may operate a chain of temporary Halloween stores or Halloween store-within-store concepts, under the Halloween City brand, from August through October of each year. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section in Part III, Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information about our seasonality.

Wholesale Operations

Overview

We currently offer a wide array of products spanning tableware, accessories, novelties, balloons, decorations, and costumes. Our in-house design team introduces several thousand products annually, driving innovation in our licensed and unlicensed product offering and supporting increased sales across our channels. From time to time, we rationalize our existing product offerings to stay on trend. The breadth of these offerings enables our retail stores and third-party retailers to promote additional sales of related products for every occasion. To enhance our customers’ celebrations of life’s important events, we market party goods for a wide variety of occasions, including seasonal and religious holidays, special events, and themed celebrations. Our Amscan branded products are offered in retail outlets worldwide, ranging from party goods superstores (including our company-operated and franchise stores), other party goods retailers, mass merchants, independent card and gift stores, grocery and drug stores, and e-commerce merchandisers. We have long-term relationships with many of our wholesale customers.

The table below shows the breakdown of our total wholesale sales by channel for the year ended December 31, 2022:

 

Channel

 

Sales

 

 

 

(Dollars in millions)

 

Company-operated stores and e-commerce

 

$

789

 

Party City franchised stores and other domestic retailers

 

 

173

 

Domestic balloon distributors/retailers

 

 

82

 

International

 

 

139

 

Total wholesale sales

 

$

1,183

 

Wholesale Manufactured Products

Our manufacturing facilities are highly automated and produce paper and plastic plates and cups, paper napkins, injection molded product, costumes, pinatas, and other party and novelty items at globally competitive costs. Printing, forming, folding, and packaging equipment support most of these manufacturing operations. In select cases, we use available capacity to manufacture products for third parties.

Complementing our manufacturing facilities, we have a diverse global network of third-party vendors that support our strategy of consistently offering a broad selection of high quality, innovative, and competitively priced products. We have relationships with many of our third-party vendors that exceed twenty years and often, our business represents a significant portion of their overall business. These third-party vendors are located in Asia and are managed by our sourcing office in Hong Kong. They generally produce items designed by and created specifically for us. We actively work with our third-party vendors to ensure product cost, quality, and safety.

The principal raw materials in our products or in manufacturing our products are cotton, paper, films, and petroleum-based resin. While we currently purchase raw materials from preferred vendors, we continue to evaluate the marketplace to expand our sources. We’re continuously looking at innovation and evolving market conditions and working on plans to mitigate any potential headwinds.

Wholesale Product Safety and Quality Assurance

We are subject to regulatory requirements in the United States and internationally, and we believe that all products that we manufacture and source comply with the requirements in the markets in which they are sold. Third-party manufactured products are tested in accordance with our testing policies and procedures, both at the manufacturing site and upon arrival at our distribution centers. We have a full-time staff of professionals in the United States and Asia dedicated to product safety and quality assurance.

Wholesale Distribution and Systems

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We ship our products directly to retailers and distributors throughout the world from our main distribution facility, as well as directly from our factories. Our electronic order entry and information systems allow us to manage our inventory.

Our main distribution facility for domestic party customers is located in Chester, New York, which is nearly 900,000 square feet. This facility serves as the main point of distribution for our products and utilizes a paperless, pick-by-light system, and a Goods-To-Person (OSR) picking system.

Wholesale Customers

We have a fairly diverse third-party customer base in our wholesale segment. In 2022, one customer accounted for approximately 12% of total wholesale revenues.

Strategic Initiatives

We continue to advance our strategic initiatives that underpin efforts to grow our retail and wholesale businesses and expand on our purpose of creating joy by making it easy to create unforgettable memories.

Product Innovation. We continued to leverage consumer insights and sales data to drive review of our wholesale product offerings and retail assortment decisions. During 2021, we reset Party Favors, Girl’s Birthday, Boy’s Birthday, Candy, and Solid Tableware and approximately 1,000 new products driven by consumer-led innovation. In 2022, we reset several other categories in our portfolio and will launch a similar number of innovative items as well as significant quality improvements to complement the work in innovation.
 

Enhance the in-store experiences. We continued to remodel or open “next generation” or NXTGEN stores, all of which are Company-operated, bringing our total to 172 as of December 31, 2022. The material changes to our stores include a new shop-in-shop store layout with improved product adjacencies, edited and more curated product assortments. A balloon shop and customer engagement center are the focal point of the store and add significant theater to the entire experience. Balloon sales growth in our NXTGEN stores is higher than the trend in the balance of our stores. We continue to be pleased with the customer feedback we are receiving on the NXTGEN stores as we enhance and refine the prototype. Customers have told us that they appreciate the decluttering of the stores due to the lower sightlines and the more curated assortment.

Being celebration occasion-obsessed. In 2021, we were focused on our core categories and therefore, grew our relevancy with consumers to build trust and become their destination for all things celebrations. Additionally, our seasonal categories are generating improved sell-throughs resulting in improved inventory turns and gross margin returns on inventory. In 2022, we continued to focus on improvements in our core and seasonal categories, driven by greater focus on current trends, key items, and more curated assortments, which we believe will improve the shopping experience for the consumer and efficiency for store associates.
 

Information Systems

Our information systems are integral in supporting our long-term strategies, are key capabilities necessary to help support all levers of growth, and help us implement informed, data-driven decision making throughout our organization. We are continually working on enhancing our digital technology platforms and elevating our e-commerce capabilities through new functionalities to our retail and wholesale channels. In 2022, we continued to implement key security enhancements and completed information security projects on the ongoing IT roadmap. We also completed the planned migration of multiple systems to cloud-based technology infrastructure.

We also maintain entity-wide information security and privacy compliance programs, comprised of risk management policies and procedures surrounding our information systems, cybersecurity practices, and protection of consumer and employee personal data and confidential information. Our Board of Directors (the “Board”) has ultimate oversight of our risk management policies and procedures and has delegated primary responsibility for monitoring the risks and programs in this area to the Audit Committee. The Audit Committee receives regular updates on information security and privacy risk and compliance from management. The Board also receives periodic updates on these topics. As part of our compliance programs, all global employees are required to take annual training on information security, including cybersecurity, global data privacy requirements, and compliance measures. We also conduct periodic internal and third-party assessments to test our cybersecurity controls, perform cyber simulations, and continually evaluate our privacy notices, policies, and procedures surrounding our handling

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and control of personal data and the systems we have in place to help protect us from cybersecurity or personal data breaches. Additionally, we maintain network security and cyber liability insurance in order to provide a level of financial protection in the event of certain covered cyber losses and data breaches.

Refer to Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors,” for further information as it relates to our Information Systems.

Intellectual Property

We own the copyrights in the designs we create and use on our products and various trademarks and service marks used on or in connection with our products. At our discretion, we may permit franchisees, licensees, and other parties to use our trademarks and service marks. It is our practice to register our copyrights with the United States Copyright Office and our trademarks and service marks with the United States Patent and Trademark Office, or with other foreign jurisdictions, to the extent we deem necessary. In addition, we rely on unregistered common law trademark rights and unregistered copyrights under applicable U.S. law to distinguish and/or protect our products, services, and branding. From time to time, we attain patent protection for novel inventions. We do not believe that the loss of any copyrights, trademarks, or patents with respect to any particular product or products would have a material adverse effect on our business. We hold numerous intellectual property licenses from third parties, allowing us to use various third-party cartoon and other characters and designs on our products, and the images on our metallic balloons and costumes are principally covered by these licenses. None of these license relationships are individually material to our aggregate business.

Competition

Our segment of the retail industry is highly competitive, and we expect competition to increase in the future. We operate in the party goods retail sector, which is currently and is expected to continue to be highly competitive with respect to price, store location, merchandise quality, assortment and presentation, and customer service, including merchandise delivery and checkout options. We believe we differentiate ourselves from other retailers by providing high-value, high-quality, low-cost merchandise in conveniently located stores. Our sales and profits could be reduced by increases in competition. There are no significant economic barriers for others to enter our retail sector.

Government Regulation

We are subject to extensive federal, state, and local laws and regulations affecting our business, including product safety, consumer protection, privacy, truth-in-advertising, accessibility, customs, wage and hour laws and regulations, and zoning and occupancy ordinances that regulate manufacturers and retailers generally and govern the promotion and sale of merchandise and the operation of manufacturing facilities, distribution centers, retail stores, and e-commerce. We also are subject to similar international laws and regulations affecting our business. The Company maintains an internal global trade, customs, and product compliance organization to help manage its import/export compliance activities. Several state and local governments have been successful in regulating or prohibiting the sale of balloons filled with lighter than air gas and single-use plastic products. We have sought partnership with legislators and regulators to help protect and steward environmental goals and promote the responsible use of our products.
 

As a franchisor, we must comply with regulations adopted by the Federal Trade Commission, such as the Trade Regulation Rule on Franchising, which requires us, among other things, to furnish prospective franchisees with a franchise offering circular. We also must comply with several state laws that regulate the offer and sale of our franchises and certain substantive aspects of franchisor-franchisee relationships. These laws vary in their application and in their regulatory requirements.

Human Capital Disclosure


People matter at Party City. In 2022, we employed approximately 5,700 full-time and 9,500 part-time team members, and an additional 14,500 seasonal team members, who play a critical role in delivering our company Purpose - to inspire joy by making it easy for our customers to create unforgettable memories. We seek to embed this Purpose and the principles that guide us in how we work every day (what we call our Promises) – Customer First, People Matter, It Can Be Done, and Celebrate – into the culture through enterprise-wide programs and initiatives, grounded in the retention and engagement of our team members.

15


 

Attracting and Engaging Employees. We endeavor to make it easy to be a successful employee at Party City. We offer comprehensive onboarding programs as well as a variety of leadership, technical, and compliance training that enables our team members to contribute to the Company’s most important initiatives. We have advanced engagement by fostering two-way dialogue via employee surveys and communication forums as well as enhanced and simplified technology-enabled people operations support and access to employee information. We have an “open door” policy for team members to report concerns, and we also provide an anonymous reporting hotline available in multiple languages and managed by an independent third-party.

Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Belonging. Our diversity, equity, inclusion, and belonging (DEI&B) strategy continues with the work of an Enterprise Belonging Council as well as a Diversity Review Committee, our business resource groups that are both fueled by employee participation and leadership commitment. We endeavor to weave the key tenants of our DEI&B strategy into the fabric of our transformation and people programs and processes.

Total Rewards. Our total rewards and benefits programs have been harmonized across the enterprise to maximize effectiveness and accelerate eligibility for participation. We provide comprehensive benefits including medical, dental, and vision, as well as a healthcare concierge that partners with team members to more effectively and efficiently navigate the healthcare system. We offer reward programs tied to short and long-term priorities and performance. We believe that offering our team members access to comprehensive total rewards programs are important steps to drive employee retention and positive employee relations.

Talent Attraction. Our talent attraction and succession management approach from the top down improves implementation of key strategies to address localized market conditions. We believe these targeted efforts meet immediate and long-term staffing needs and build capability to deliver our overall business strategy.

Safety. Safety is a priority, and we have invested in training and awareness campaigns to promote safe operating practices in our manufacturing plants and distribution centers, stores, and corporate offices.

Environmental, Social and Governance Matters

At the board level, our Nominating and ESG Committee (the “NESG Committee”) oversees our environmental, social, and governance (“ESG”) programs, policies, and practices. The NESG Committee’s duties include monitoring and evaluating the Company’s programs, policies, and practices relating to ESG issues and making recommendations to the Board regarding the Company’s overall ESG strategy. Managing and executing that ESG strategy is a cross functional, management-level ESG Steering Committee, which focuses on: (i) establishment of programs, policies, and practices relating to ESG matters: and (ii) assisting the NESG Committee in fulfilling its oversight responsibilities with respect to ESG matters. Our ESG efforts are guided by an ESG Priority Assessment that we completed in January 2022 to identify the ESG topics that are most relevant for our business and shareholders, as well as customers, business partners, team members, and communities. In an effort to enhance long-term value, we intend to use the results of the ESG Priority Assessment to guide our efforts as we further develop and advance our ESG strategy. In 2022, we successfully published our inaugural ESG Report for the year ending December 31, 2021. We believe our approach to ESG management will help enable us to create long-term value for our stockholders, through advancing interests of our other stakeholders.

Available Information

Our principal executive offices are located in Woodcliff Lake, NJ. Our website address is www.partycity.com. Information contained in, and that can be accessed through our website is not incorporated into and does not form a part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

While subject to the informational requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and in accordance therewith, we have filed reports, proxy and information statements, and other information with the SEC. Our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and other information to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act are available at www.sec.gov.


 

16


 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

The following risk factors may be important to understanding any statement in this Annual Report on Form 10-K or elsewhere. Our business, financial condition, operating results, and liquidity can be affected by a number of factors, whether currently known or unknown, including but not limited to those described below and elsewhere in this report. Any one or more of such factors could directly or indirectly materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, and stock price.

Risk Factor Summary

Risks Related to Bankruptcy Proceedings

We are subject to risks and uncertainties associated with our recent bankruptcy.
As a result of our bankruptcy, our financial results may be volatile and may not reflect historical trends.
We may be subject to claims that were not discharged in the bankruptcy proceedings, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
Matters relating to our bankruptcy consumed a substantial portion of the time and attention of our management, which may have an adverse effect on our business, and we may experience increased levels of employee attrition.
The plan of reorganization that we are implementing is based in large part upon assumptions and analyses developed by us. If these assumptions and analyses prove to be incorrect, our plan may be unsuccessful in its execution.
We face significant risks and uncertainties associated with the bankruptcy filing of our Anagram subsidiaries.

Risks Related to our Business

We face risks related to our balloon sales and margins, including regulatory restrictions and prohibitions, potential shortages of helium gas, and changes in consumer preferences.
The loss of, or disruption to, one of our distribution centers and other factors affecting the distribution of merchandise and our reliance on third parties for shipping could materially adversely affect our business.
We operate in a competitive industry, and our failure to compete effectively could cause us to lose market share, revenues, and growth prospects.
If we are unable to effectively manage our e-commerce business and digital marketing efforts, our reputation and operating results may be harmed.
Our marketing programs, e-commerce initiatives, and use of consumer information are governed by an evolving set of laws and enforcement trends and unfavorable changes in those laws or trends, or our failure to comply with existing or future laws, could substantially harm our business and results of operations.
Unanticipated impacts to Halloween and seasonal sales for our retail business may adversely impact operating results.
Our failure to appropriately respond to changing merchandise trends and consumer preferences, including regarding licensed and single-use products, could significantly harm our customer relationships and financial performance.
Product recalls and/or product liability claims may adversely impact our business, merchandise offerings, reputation, results of operations, cash flows, and financial performance.
Our business is sensitive to consumer spending and general economic conditions and other factors beyond our control.

17


 

Our business could be harmed if our existing franchisees do not conduct their business in accordance with agreed upon standards.
Labor, product, supply, and inflationary risks have had and may continue to have an adverse effect on our operating results.

Risks Related to our Supply Chain and Third Parties

Our business is dependent on maintaining an appropriate source of raw materials, and disruption to the transportation system or increases in the costs of raw materials or transportation may negatively affect our operating results.
Our business may be adversely affected by the loss or actions of our third-party vendors.
We depend on vendors for timely and effective sourcing of our merchandise, and we may not be able to acquire products in sufficient quantities and at acceptable prices to meet our needs, which could impact our operations and financial results.

Information Security Risks

Our information systems, order fulfillment, and distribution facilities may prove inadequate or may be disrupted.
We may fail to adequately maintain the security of our electronic and other confidential information.

Talent

Talent acquisition and retention could involve increases to labor costs, and if we are unable to attract and retain the talent required for our business, which depends in part on factors outside of our control, our operating results could suffer.

Risks Related to Our Intellectual Property

Our intellectual property rights may be inadequate to protect our business.

Risks Related to Our Indebtedness

Our substantial indebtedness and lease obligations could adversely affect our financial flexibility and our competitive position, and we may not be able to generate or distribute sufficient cash to service all our indebtedness.
We may require additional capital to fund our business, which may not be available to us on satisfactory terms or at all.
Significant interest rate changes could affect our profitability and financial performance.
Our long-term liquidity requirements and the adequacy of our capital resources are difficult to predict at this time

Risks Related to Material Weaknesses

We have identified material weaknesses in our internal controls over financial reporting and may identify additional material weaknesses in the future or otherwise fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls, which may result in material misstatements of our consolidated financial statements or cause us to fail to meet our periodic reporting obligations.

General Risk Factors

Changes in laws, policies, or regulations related to taxes could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
We may face risks associated with litigation and claims.

18


 

Risk Related to Bankruptcy Proceedings

We are subject to risks and uncertainties associated with our recent bankruptcy.

On January 17, 2023, the Company and certain of its domestic subsidiaries filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas. On September 6, the bankruptcy court confirmed our plan of reorganization, and on October 12, 2023, the plan became effective in accordance with its terms, and we emerged from bankruptcy. Even with the approval of our plan of reorganization, we will continue to face a number of risks associated with our bankruptcy, including risks related to our ability to reduce expenses, implement any strategic initiatives, and generally maintain favorable relationships with, and secure the confidence of, our counterparties. For the duration of the bankruptcy proceedings, our senior management was required to spend a significant amount of time and effort dealing with the reorganization instead of focusing exclusively on our longer-term business operations. In addition, our operating results may be adversely affected by the possible reluctance of prospective lenders and other counterparties to do business with a company that recently emerged from bankruptcy.

As a result of our bankruptcy, our financial results may be volatile and may not reflect historical trends.

During the pendency of the bankruptcy proceedings, our financial results were volatile as restructuring activities and expenses, contract terminations and rejections, and claims assessments will significantly impact our consolidated financial statements. Upon our emergence from Chapter 11, the amounts reported in subsequent consolidated financial statements may have materially changed relative to historical consolidated financial statements, including as a result of revisions to our operating plans pursuant to a plan of reorganization. We are also required to adopt fresh-start reporting, at the emergence date, with our assets and liabilities being recorded at fair value as of the fresh-start reporting date, which may differ materially from the recorded values of assets and liabilities on our consolidated balance sheets. Our financial results after the application of fresh-start reporting also may be different from historical trends.

We may be subject to claims that were not discharged in the bankruptcy proceedings, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

The Bankruptcy Code provides that the confirmation of a plan of reorganization discharges a debtor from substantially all debts arising prior to confirmation. With few exceptions, all claims that arose prior to January 17, 2023, were subject to compromise and/or treatment under the plan of reorganization and/or discharged in accordance with the terms of the plan of reorganization. Any claims not discharged through the plan of reorganization could be asserted against the reorganized entities and may have a material adverse effect on our business, operational results, financial position, and cash flows on a post-reorganization basis.

Matters relating to our bankruptcy consumed a substantial portion of the time and attention of our management, which may have an adverse effect on our business, and we may experience increased levels of employee attrition.

For the duration of the bankruptcy proceedings, our management was required to spend a significant amount of time and effort focusing on the cases. This diversion of attention may have a material adverse effect on business, operational results, financial position, and cash flows. Additionally, as a result of our bankruptcy, we may experience increased levels of employee attrition, and our employees likely faced considerable distraction and uncertainty. A loss of key personnel or material erosion of employee morale could adversely affect our business and results of operations. Our ability to engage, motivate, and retain key employees or take other measures intended to motivate and incentivize key employees to remain with us through the pendency of the bankruptcy proceedings was limited by restrictions on implementation of incentive programs under the Bankruptcy Code. The loss of services of members of our senior management team or material erosion of employee morale could impair our ability to execute our strategy and implement operational initiatives, which would be likely to have a material adverse effect on business, financial position, cash flows, and results of operations. The failure to retain or attract members of our management team and other key personnel could impair our ability to execute our strategy and implement operational initiatives, thereby having a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

The plan of reorganization that we are implementing is based in large part upon assumptions and analyses developed by us. If these assumptions and analyses prove to be incorrect, our plan may be unsuccessful in its execution.

The plan of reorganization we are implementing affects both our capital structure and ownership structure and operation of our businesses and will reflect assumptions and analyses based on our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions, and expected future developments, as well as other factors that we consider

19


 

appropriate under the circumstances. Whether actual future results and developments will be consistent with our expectations and assumptions depends on a number of factors, including but not limited to: (i) our ability to implement changes to our capital structure; (ii) our ability to obtain adequate liquidity and financing sources; (iii) our ability to maintain customers’ confidence in our viability as a continuing entity and to attract and retain sufficient business from them; (iv) our ability to obtain merchandise, including from non-debtor affiliates; (v) our ability to retain key employees; and (vi) the overall strength and stability of general economic conditions. Any failure to adequately meet or account for any of these factors could materially adversely affect the successful reorganization of our businesses.

In addition, our plan of reorganization relies upon financial projections, including with respect to revenues, EBITDA, capital expenditures, debt service, and cash flow. Financial forecasts are necessarily speculative, and it is likely that one or more of the assumptions and estimates that are the basis of these financial forecasts will not be accurate. In our case, the forecasts will be even more speculative than normal, because they may involve fundamental changes in the nature of our capital structure. Accordingly, we expect that our actual financial condition and results of operations will differ, perhaps materially, from what we have anticipated. Consequently, there can be no assurance that the results or developments contemplated by any plan of reorganization we may implement will occur or, even if they do occur, that they will have the anticipated effects on us and our subsidiaries or our businesses or operations. The failure of any such results or developments to materialize as anticipated could materially adversely affect the successful execution of any plan of reorganization.

We face significant risks and uncertainties associated with the bankruptcy filing of our Anagram subsidiaries.

On November 8, 2023 (the “Anagram Petition Date”), the Anagram Entities (collectively, the “Anagram Debtors”) filed voluntary petitions (the “Anagram Chapter 11 Cases”) in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas (the “Anagram Bankruptcy Court”) seeking relief under the Bankruptcy Code. The Company and certain of its domestic subsidiaries were not included in the Anagram Chapter 11 Cases and continue to operate in the ordinary course of business throughout the duration of the Anagram Chapter 11 Cases. On November 8, 2023, the Anagram Bankruptcy Court granted the Anagram Debtors’ motion to jointly administer the Anagram Chapter 11 Cases for procedural purposes only under the caption In re: Anagram Holdings, LLC, et. al. (Case No. 23-90901). To ensure its ability to continue operating in the ordinary course of business, the Anagram Debtors also filed with the Anagram Bankruptcy Court a variety of motions seeking “first-day” relief, which were approved by the Anagram Bankruptcy Court and permitted the Anagram Debtors to operate in the ordinary course during the Anagram Chapter 11 Cases and included the interim approval of a debtor-in-possession ABL facility (the “Anagram DIP ABL Facility”) and a debtor-in-possession note purchase agreement and notes indenture (the facility issued thereunder, the “Anagram DIP Notes Facility”). The Anagram Debtors continue to operate their business and manage their properties as “debtors-in-possession” in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code and orders of the Anagram Bankruptcy Court throughout the duration of the Anagram Chapter 11 Cases.

On November 8, 2023, the Anagram Entities filed certain documents with the Anagram Bankruptcy Court disclosing that an agreement was reached with a group of their lenders as the “Stalking Horse” bidder to acquire substantially all of Anagram’s assets through a credit bit with a value of at least $175 million in a Section 363 transaction under the Bankruptcy Code, subject to higher or otherwise better offers and court approval. As part of this agreement, the “Stalking Horse” bidder committed to hire all Anagram employees and assume all pre and post-petition trade payables. No other bids were received other than the Stalking Horse bid prior to the bid deadline of December 15, 2023. The sale hearing was held on December 22, 2023, during which the Anagram Bankruptcy Court approved the sale to the Stalking Horse bidder. The sale formally closed on December 29, 2023.

PCHI plans to continue business with Anagram subsequent to the sale, including purchasing balloons for sale in PCHI’s retail stores, and any interruption of the business relationship between PCHI and Anagram, or its other subsidiaries, could have a material adverse effect on the Company.

Risks Related to Our Business

We face risks related to our balloon sales and margins, including regulatory restrictions and prohibitions, potential shortages of helium gas, and changes in consumer preferences.

Balloons are a focal point of our growth strategy and are a key driver of our differentiated brand experience. Our margins on balloon sales may be affected by several factors. For example, some local governments have implemented or considered implementing rules, ordinances, or regulations prohibiting the sale of balloons filled with a gas lighter than air. We sell latex and foil balloons in our retail stores. Widespread adoption of such prohibitions would have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, and financial condition.

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We use helium gas, a natural resource, to inflate most of the foil balloons and a portion of the latex balloons we sell to consumers through our retail stores and online. The float of a helium filled balloon is particularly attractive to many consumers and contributes to our ability to sell balloons.

Although we believe we have taken appropriate steps to maintain enough helium to keep pace with the demand, we cannot offer assurance that events beyond our control, such as a global shortage of helium or supply chain disruptions impacting the ability of helium refineries, distributors, or resellers to provide us or our balloon customers with enough helium gas to satisfy demand, will not impact our ability to maintain sales levels of balloons. We have experienced, are operating within an environment that currently experiences, and expect to continue to experience, periodic helium shortages and such other helium disruptions in the past, which have resulted in higher prices for such gas, and failure to fulfill consumer demand for helium inflated balloons. These shortages and disruptions have adversely impacted the financial performance of our retail and wholesale operations in the past and may have similar impacts in the future.

Changing consumer preferences, including with respect to environmental matters, whether we can anticipate, identify, and respond to them or not, could adversely impact our sales. Inventory levels for certain balloon styles no longer considered to be “on trend” may increase, leading to higher markdowns to sell through excess inventory and, therefore, lower than planned margins. Conversely, if we underestimate consumer demand for our balloons, or if we fail to supply quality products in a timely manner, we may experience inventory shortages, which may negatively impact customer relationships, diminish brand loyalty, and result in lost sales. In addition, our position or perceived lack of position on environmental, public policy, or other sensitive issues relating to our balloon business, and any perceived lack of transparency about those matters, could harm our reputation.

The loss of, or disruption in, our distribution center and other factors affecting the distribution of merchandise and our reliance on third parties for shipping could materially adversely affect our business.

We rely heavily on our distribution center to manage the volume associated with a significant amount of our products. Most of our operations’ inventory is shipped directly from vendors to our distribution center where the inventory is then processed, sorted, and shipped to our stores, to our wholesale customers, or to our e-commerce customers. We depend on the orderly operation of this receiving and distribution process, which depends, in turn, on adherence to shipping schedules and effective management of the distribution center. We may not anticipate all of the changing demands that our expanding operations will impose on our receiving and distribution system, and events that we may not fully control, such as disruptions in operations due to fire or other catastrophic events, labor disagreements, or shipping problems (whether in our own or in our third party vendors’ or carriers’ businesses), may result in delays in the delivery of merchandise to our stores or to our wholesale customers or e-commerce/retail customers. Delays in receiving merchandise may also lead to incremental charges for shipping that are not contemplated in our normal operations. In addition, to the extent we need to add capacity to our distribution center by either leasing or building a new distribution center or adding capacity at our existing center or make changes in our distribution processes to improve efficiency and maximize capacity, such changes may result in significant capital expenditures as well as unanticipated delays or interruptions in distribution.

We also depend upon third parties for shipment of a significant amount of merchandise. Interruptions in the services provided by third parties may occasionally result from damage or destruction to our distribution center, weather-related events, natural disasters, pandemics (including COVID-19), trade policy changes or restrictions, tariffs or import-related taxes, third-party labor disruptions, shipping capacity constraints, third-party contract disputes, military conflicts, acts of terrorism, or other factors beyond our control. An interruption in service by third parties for any reason could cause temporary disruptions in our business, a loss of sales and profits, and other material adverse effects.

We operate in a competitive industry, and our failure to compete effectively could cause us to lose market share, revenues, and growth prospects.

Our wholesale segment competes with many other manufacturers and distributors, including smaller, independent manufacturers and distributors and divisions or subsidiaries of larger companies with greater financial and other resources than we have. Some of our competitors control licenses for widely recognized images and have broader access to mass market retailers that could provide them with a competitive advantage.

Our retail stores compete with a variety of smaller and larger retailers including, but not limited to, independent party goods retailers, mass merchants, e-commerce merchandisers, craft stores, grocery retailers, and dollar stores. There are no significant economic barriers for others to enter our retail sector. Internet-based retailers

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may have a significant collective online presence and may be able to offer similar products to those that we sell, which may result in increased price competition, and consumers may respond more positively to a competitor’s internet-based shopping experience compared to our e-commerce experience. We may not be able to continue to compete successfully against existing or future competitors in the retail space or do so without substantial capital expenditures. Expansion into markets served by our competitors and entry of new competitors or expansion of existing competitors into our markets could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations, cash flows, and financial performance. We believe remaining competitive in the areas of quality, price, breadth of selection, customer service, and convenience is critical to our success. Competing effectively may require us to reduce our prices or increase our costs, which could lower our margins and adversely affect our revenues and growth prospects. For more information about the competition in our industry, see Part I, Item 1, “Business - Competition” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

If we are unable to effectively manage our e-commerce business and digital marketing efforts, our reputation and operating results may be harmed.

Our e-commerce channel has been critical to our growth, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic. The success of our e-commerce business depends, in part, on third parties and factors over which we have limited control. There are certain critical risks and uncertainties associated with our e-commerce and mobile websites and digital marketing efforts, including: changes in required technology interfaces; website downtime and other technical failures; internet connectivity issues; costs and technical issues as we upgrade our website software; computer viruses; vendor reliability; changes in applicable federal and state regulations, including the California Consumer Privacy Act (“CCPA”) and the California Privacy Rights Act of 2020 (“CPRA”); and other state privacy laws, related compliance costs, and security breaches. We must keep up to date with competitive technology trends and opportunities that are emerging throughout the retail environment, including the use of new or improved technology, evolving creative user interfaces, and other e-commerce marketing trends as the proliferation of mobile usage continues. While we have operational safeguards in place and endeavor to predict and invest in technology that is most relevant and beneficial to our company, our initiatives may not prove to be successful, may increase our costs, or may not succeed in driving sales or attracting customers. Our failure to successfully respond to these risks and uncertainties may adversely affect the sales or margin in our e-commerce business, require us to impair certain assets, and damage our reputation and brands.

Our marketing programs, e-commerce initiatives, and use of consumer information are governed by an evolving set of laws and enforcement trends and unfavorable changes in those laws or trends, or our failure to comply with existing or future laws, could substantially harm our business and results of operations.

The successful operation of our online business as well as our ability to provide a positive shopping experience at our brick-and-mortar stores depend on efficient and uninterrupted operation of our order-taking and fulfillment operations as well as the success of our marketing programs. In furtherance thereof, we collect, maintain, and use data provided to us through our online activities and other customer interactions in our business. Our current and future marketing programs depend on our ability to collect, maintain, and use this information, and our ability to do so is subject to certain contractual restrictions in third-party contracts as well as evolving international, federal, and state laws and enforcement trends. We are subject to a variety of continuously evolving and developing laws and regulations in the U.S. regarding privacy, data protection, and data security, including those related to the collection, storage, handling, use, disclosure, transfer, and security of personal data.

Likewise, we are subject to the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards (“PCI-DSS”), which are mandated by the card brands and administered through the Payment Card industry Security Standards Council. Failure to meet requirements and maintain compliance could result in a loss of credibility or reputation, and our inability to continue to accept credit cards as a tender type may materially impact our ability to sell our products. Failure to comply with these standards could lead to recurring and accumulating fines, and we may need to make significant investments to strengthen our PCI controls should we ever be deemed to be non-compliant.

We strive to comply with all applicable laws and other related legal obligations. It is possible, however, that these requirements may be interpreted and applied in a manner that is inconsistent from one jurisdiction to another, may conflict with other rules, or may conflict with our practices. If so, we may suffer damage to our reputation and be subject to proceedings or actions against us by governmental entities or others. Any such proceeding or action could hurt our reputation, force us to spend significant amounts to defend our practices, distract our management, increase our costs of doing business, and result in monetary liability, all of which could substantially harm our

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business and results of operations.
 

Unanticipated impacts to Halloween and seasonal sales for our retail business may adversely impact operating results.

Our retail business realizes a significant portion of its revenues, net income, and cash flows from holiday selling seasons, in particular, Halloween, as well as, New Year’s Eve, Valentine’s Day, Easter, Christmas, and from major celebratory seasons, such as graduation. In anticipation of increased seasonal sales activity, we incur certain significant incremental expenses prior to and during peak selling seasons, including costs associated with hiring a substantial number of temporary employees to supplement our existing workforce. Any unanticipated decrease in demand for our products could have a material adverse effect on our business and profitability. Failure to have lease suitable commercial space, on permanent or temporary bases, and adequately staff our retail stores could hurt our business, financial condition, and results of operations. For more information about how seasonality affects our results of operations, see Part I, Item 1, “Business” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Our failure to appropriately respond to changing merchandise trends and consumer preferences, including regarding licensed and single-use products, could significantly harm our customer relationships and financial performance.

Our products must appeal to a broad range of consumers whose preferences are constantly changing. In addition to products we manufacture, we also sell certain licensed products, with images such as cartoon or motion picture characters, which are in great demand for short time periods, making it difficult to project our inventory needs for these products. We may not be able to obtain the licenses for certain popular characters and could lose market share to competitors who are able to obtain those licenses. Additionally, if consumers’ demand for single-use, disposable party goods were to diminish in favor of reusable products for environmental or other reasons, our sales could decline.

The success of our business depends upon many factors, such as our ability to accurately predict the market for our products and our customers’ purchasing habits, to identify product and merchandise trends, to innovate and develop new products, to manufacture and deliver our products in sufficient volumes and in a timely manner, and to differentiate our product offerings from those of our competitors. We may not be able to continue to offer assortments of products that appeal to our customers or respond appropriately to consumer demands. We could misinterpret or fail to identify trends on a timely basis. Our failure to anticipate, identify, or react appropriately to changes in consumer tastes could, among other things, lead to excess inventories and significant markdowns or a shortage of products and lost sales. Our failure to do so could harm our customer relationships and financial performance.

Product recalls and/or product liability claims may adversely impact our business, merchandise offerings, reputation, results of operations, cash flows, and financial performance.

We may be subject to product recalls if any of the products that we manufacture or sell are believed to cause injury or illness. In addition, as a retailer of products manufactured by third parties, we may also be liable for various product liability claims for products we do not manufacture. Indemnification provisions that we may enter into are typically limited by their terms and depend on the creditworthiness of the indemnifying party and its insurer and the absence of significant defenses. We may be unable to obtain full recovery from the insurer or any indemnifying third-party in respect of any claims against us in connection with products manufactured by such third-party. Moreover, even if a product liability claim is unsuccessful, has no merit, or is not pursued, the negative publicity surrounding assertions against the products we sell could materially and adversely affect our business, reputation, and profitability. In addition, if our vendors fail to manufacture or import merchandise that adheres to our quality control standards or standards established by applicable law, our reputation and brands could be damaged, potentially leading to an increase in customer litigation against us. Furthermore, to the extent we are unable to replace any recalled products, we may have to reduce our merchandise offerings, resulting in a decrease in sales, especially if a recall occurs near or during a peak seasonal period. If our vendors are unable or unwilling to recall products failing to meet our quality standards, we may be required to recall those products at a substantial cost to us.

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Our business is sensitive to consumer spending and general economic conditions and other factors beyond our control.

In general, our retail sales, and the retail sales of our business partners to whom we sell, represent discretionary spending by our customers and our business partners’ customers. Discretionary spending is affected by many factors, such as general business conditions, inflation, interest rates, availability of consumer credit, unemployment levels, taxation, public health crises, including the occurrence of a contagious disease or illness, such as the flu or COVID-19, and consumer confidence in future economic conditions. Our customers’ purchases and our business partners’ customers’ purchases of discretionary items, including our products, often decline during periods when disposable income is lower or during periods of actual or perceived unfavorable economic conditions or because of geopolitical events or widespread health emergencies. In such events, our revenues and profitability are at risk of decline. In addition, economic downturns may make it difficult for us to accurately forecast future demand trends, which could cause us to purchase excess inventories, resulting in increases in our inventory carrying cost, or insufficient inventories, resulting in our inability to satisfy our customer demand and potential loss of market share.

Moreover, our business is susceptible to extreme weather conditions like hurricanes, flooding, wildfires, or significant snow events, and customer demand, consumer traffic, and shopping habits may become negatively impacted for periods extending beyond the individualized weather event itself. The occurrence of one or more natural disasters, or other disruptive geopolitical events, could also result in increases in fuel (or other energy) prices or a fuel shortage, the temporary or permanent closure of one or more of our manufacturing or distribution centers, the temporary lack of an adequate work force in a market, the temporary or long-term disruption in the supply of products from some local and overseas vendors, the temporary disruption in the transport of goods from overseas, or delays in the delivery of goods to our distribution centers or stores or to third parties who purchase from us. In addition, broader term changes in climate could cause significant changes in weather patterns where we conduct business and an increase in the frequency and severity of such extreme weather conditions. Public expectations for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions could result in increased energy, transportation, and raw material costs and may require us to make additional investments in facilities and equipment. As a result, the effects of climate change could have a long-term adverse impact on our business and results of operations.

Our business could be harmed if our existing franchisees do not conduct their business in accordance with agreed upon standards.

Our success depends, in part, upon the ability of our franchisees to operate their stores and promote and develop our store concept. Although our franchise agreements include certain operating standards, all franchisees operate independently, and their employees are not our employees. We provide certain training and support to our franchisees, but the quality of franchise store operations may be diminished by any number of factors beyond our control. Consequently, if franchisees do not successfully operate stores in a manner consistent with our standards and requirements or do not hire and train qualified managers and other store personnel, our image, brand, and reputation could suffer.

Labor, product, supply, and inflationary risks have had and may continue to have an adverse effect on our operating results.

We have experienced, and expect to continue to experience, inflationary pressures, logistics constraints, and supply chain disruptions, including increased key raw material and helium costs, increased freight, shipping and transportation costs, increased labor wages, labor shortages, and delivery delays and associated charges. Failure to effectively manage these risks has and may continue to adversely impact our operating results.

Risks Related to Our Supply Chain and Third Parties

Our business is dependent on maintaining an appropriate source of raw materials, and disruption to the transportation system or increases in the costs of raw materials or transportation may negatively affect our operating results.

Freight costs and the costs of our key raw materials (by way of example, paper or petroleum-based resin) fluctuate. In general, we absorb movements in freight and raw material costs that we consider temporary or insignificant. However, costs that we determine to not be temporary or insignificant may require that we increase prices to customers in an attempt to offset such cost increases. A significant increase in the freight costs and the price of raw materials that we cannot pass on to customers has had a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial performance.

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Moreover, because we rely heavily on our own manufacturing operations and those of our vendors, disruptions at manufacturing facilities in the United States or abroad, for any reason, including regulatory requirements, unstable labor relations, public health crises, including the occurrence of a contagious disease or illness, such as the flu or COVID-19, the loss of certifications, power interruptions, fires, hurricanes, war, or other forces of nature, could disrupt our supply of products, adversely affecting our business, results of operations, cash flows, and financial performance.
 

Our business may be adversely affected by the loss or actions of our third-party vendors.

Our ability to find new qualified vendors who meet our standards and supply products in a timely and efficient manner can be a significant challenge, especially for goods sourced from outside the United States. Many of our vendors currently provide us with incentives such as volume purchasing allowances and trade discounts. If our vendors were to reduce or discontinue these incentives, costs would increase.

Further, we rely on our vendors’ representations of product quality, safety, and compliance with applicable laws and standards. If our vendors violate our agreements, applicable laws or regulations, or implement practices regarded as unethical, unsafe, or hazardous to the environment, it could damage our reputation and negatively affect our operating results. Further, concerns regarding the safety and quality of products provided by our vendors could cause our customers to avoid purchasing those products from us, or avoid purchasing products from us altogether, even if the basis for the concern is outside our control. As such, any issue, or perceived issue, regarding the quality and safety of any items we sell, regardless of the cause, could adversely affect our brand, reputation, operations, and financial results.
 

We also are unable to predict whether any of the countries in which our vendors’ products are currently manufactured or may be manufactured in the future will be subject to new, different, or additional trade restrictions imposed by the U.S. or foreign governments or the likelihood, type, or effect of any such restrictions. Any event causing a disruption or delay of imports from vendors with international manufacturing operations, including the imposition of additional import restrictions, restrictions on the transfer of funds, or increased tariffs or quotas, could increase the cost or reduce the supply of merchandise available to our customers and materially adversely affect our financial performance as well as our reputation and brand. Furthermore, some or all of our vendors’ foreign operations may be adversely affected by political and financial instability, resulting in the disruption of trade from exporting countries, restrictions on the transfer of funds, or other trade disruptions.
 

In addition, our business with foreign vendors, particularly with respect to our international sites, may be affected by changes in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to other foreign currencies. For example, any movement by any other foreign currency against the U.S. dollar may result in higher costs for those goods. Declines in foreign currencies and currency exchange rates may negatively affect the profitability and business prospects of one or more of our foreign vendors. This, in turn, may cause such foreign vendors to demand higher prices for merchandise in their effort to offset any lost profits associated with any currency devaluation, delay merchandise shipments, or discontinue selling to us altogether, any of which could ultimately reduce our sales or increase our costs.
 

We source certain products in several foreign countries, including contracting with manufacturers and suppliers located outside of the United States. The labor, manufacturing safety, and other practices followed by the manufacturers of these products may differ from those generally accepted in the United States, as well as those with which we are required to comply under many of our image or character licenses. Although we require each of our vendors to sign a vendor agreement that requires adherence to accepted labor practices and compliance with labor, manufacturing safety, and other laws and we test merchandise for product safety standards, we do not supervise or control our vendors or the manufacturers that produce the merchandise we sell to our customers.

Moreover, we operate in a highly regulated environment in the U.S. and elsewhere. U.S. federal, state, and local governmental entities, and foreign governments regulate many aspects of our business, including products and the importation and exportation of thereof, and these laws and regulations can change frequently. The steps we take to comply with these laws and policies or regulations do not ensure that we will comply in the future.

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We depend on foreign vendors for timely and effective sourcing of our merchandise, and we may not be able to acquire products in sufficient quantities and at acceptable prices to meet our needs, which could impact our operations and financial results.

Our performance depends, in part, on our ability to purchase our merchandise in sufficient quantities at competitive prices. We purchase our merchandise from numerous foreign and domestic manufacturers and importers. We generally have no contractual assurances of continued supply, pricing, or access to new products, and any vendor could change the terms upon which it sells to us, discontinue selling to us, or go out of business at any time. We may not be able to acquire desired merchandise in sufficient quantities on terms acceptable to us.

Any inability to acquire suitable merchandise on acceptable terms or the loss of one or more of our foreign vendors or third-party agents could have a negative effect on our business and operating results because we would be missing products that we felt were important to our assortment, unless and until alternative supply arrangements are secured. We may not be able to develop relationships with new vendors or third-party agents, and products from alternative sources, if any, may be of a lesser quality and/or more expensive than those we currently purchase.

In addition, we are subject to certain risks that could limit our vendors’ ability to provide us with quality merchandise on a timely basis and at prices that are commercially acceptable, including risks related to the availability of raw materials, labor disputes, work disruptions or stoppages, union organizing activities, vendor financial liquidity, inclement weather, natural disasters, public health issues, general economic and political conditions, and regulations to address climate change.

Information Security Risks

Our information systems, order fulfillment, and distribution facilities may prove inadequate or may be disrupted.

We depend on our management information systems for many aspects of our business. We may be materially adversely affected if our management information systems are disrupted, or we are unable to improve, upgrade, maintain, and expand our systems. We believe our perpetual inventory, automated replenishment, and stock ledger systems are necessary to properly forecast, manage, and analyze our inventory levels, margins, and merchandise ordering quantities. We may fail to properly optimize the effectiveness of these systems or to adequately support and maintain the systems. Moreover, we may not be successful in developing or acquiring technology that is competitive and responsive to our customers and might lack sufficient resources to make the necessary investments in technology needs and to compete with our competitors, which could have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, cash flows, and financial performance.

In addition, we may not be able to prevent a significant interruption in the operation of our electronic order entry and information systems, e-commerce platforms, or manufacturing and distribution facilities due to natural disasters, accidents, systems failures, or other events. Any significant interruption in the operation of these facilities, including an interruption caused by our failure to successfully expand or upgrade our systems or manage our transition to utilizing the expansions or upgrades, could reduce our ability to receive and process orders and provide products and services to our stores, third-party stores, and other customers, which could result in lost sales, cancelled sales, and a loss of loyalty to our brand.

We may fail to adequately maintain the security of our electronic and other confidential information.

We have become increasingly centralized and dependent upon automated information technology processes. In addition, a portion of our business operations is conducted over the internet. We could experience operational problems with our information systems and e-commerce platforms because of system failures, viruses, computer hackers, or other causes. Any material disruption or slowdown of our systems could cause information, including data related to customer orders, to be lost or delayed, which could—especially if the disruption or slowdown occurred during a peak sales season—result in delays in the delivery of merchandise to our stores and customers or lost sales, which could reduce demand for our merchandise and cause our sales to decline.

In addition, in the ordinary course of our business, we collect and store certain personal information from individuals, such as our customers and vendors, and our employees, and we process customer payment card and check information, including via our e-commerce platforms. Computer hackers may attempt to penetrate our computer system, payment card terminals, or other payment systems and, if successful, misappropriate personal information, payment card, or check information or confidential Company business information. In particular, the techniques used by criminals to obtain unauthorized access to sensitive data change frequently and often are not recognized until launched against a target; accordingly, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or

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implement adequate preventative measures. Any person who circumvents our security measures could destroy or steal valuable information or disrupt our operations. In addition, an employee, contractor, or other third-party with whom we do business may attempt to circumvent our security measures to obtain such information and may purposefully or inadvertently cause a breach involving such information. Any failure to maintain the security of our customers’ confidential information, or data belonging to us or our vendors, could put us at a competitive disadvantage, result in deterioration in our customers’ confidence in us, subject us to potential litigation and liability, and fines and penalties, resulting in a possible material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, cash flows, and financial performance. While we maintain insurance coverage that may, subject to policy terms and conditions, cover certain aspects of cyber risks, such insurance coverage may be insufficient to cover all losses and would not remedy damage to our reputation. There can be no assurance that we will not suffer a criminal attack in the future, that unauthorized parties will not gain access to personal information, or that any such incident will be discovered in a timely manner.

Talent Risks

Talent acquisition and retention could involve increases to labor costs, and if we are unable to attract and retain the talent required for our business, which depends in part on factors outside of our control, our operating results could suffer.

As our business expands, we believe that our future success will depend greatly on our continued ability to attract, motivate, and retain qualified personnel who are able to successfully meet the needs of our business. Although we generally have been able to meet our staffing requirements in the past, our ability to meet our labor needs while controlling costs is subject to external factors, such as unemployment levels, labor market conditions, minimum wage legislation, wage inflation, and changing demographics. Recently, various legislative movements have sought to increase the federal minimum wage in the United States, as well as the minimum wage in several individual states.
 

As federal or state minimum wage rates increase, or as labor market conditions require, we may need to increase the wage rates of our hourly employees. Our inability to meet our staffing requirements in the future at costs that are favorable to us, or at all, could impair our ability to increase revenue, and our customers could experience lower levels of customer service. In addition, if we fail to comply with applicable laws and regulations, including wage and hour laws, we could be subject to legal risk, including government enforcement action and class action civil litigation, which could adversely affect our results of operations.
 

In addition to minimum wage increases, other changes to employment and healthcare laws may increase our operating expenses. These increased costs could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, and financial and competitive position.

Our future performance may depend on our ability to attract, retain, and motivate qualified employees, including store personnel and field management. If we are unable to do so, our ability to meet our operating goals may be compromised. If we are, for any reason, unable to maintain appropriate controls on store operations due to turnover or other reasons, our sales and operating margins may be adversely affected. There can be no assurance that we will be able to attract and retain the personnel we need in the future.

 

Risks Related to Our Intellectual Property

Our intellectual property rights may be inadequate to protect our business.

We hold a variety of United States trademarks, service marks, patents, copyrights, and registrations and applications therefor, as well as several foreign counterparts thereto and/or independent foreign intellectual property asset registrations. In some cases, we rely solely on unregistered common law trademark rights and unregistered copyrights under applicable United States law to distinguish and/or protect our products, services, and branding from the products, services, and branding of our competitors. If our intellectual property rights are successfully challenged, we could be forced to re-brand, re-design, or discontinue the sale of certain of our products or services, which could result in loss of brand recognition and/or sales and could require us to devote resources to advertising and marketing new branding or re-designing our products. Further, we cannot assure you that competitors will not infringe our intellectual property rights, or that we will have adequate resources to enforce these rights. We also

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permit our franchisees to use several of our trademarks and service marks, including Party City and Halloween City. Our failure to properly control our franchisees’ use of such trademarks could adversely affect our ability to enforce them against third parties. A loss of any of our material intellectual property rights could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

We license from many third parties and do not own the intellectual property rights necessary to sell all products capturing many popular images, such as cartoon or motion picture characters. While none of these licenses is individually material to our aggregate business, a large portion of our business depends on the continued ability to license the intellectual property rights to these images in the aggregate and on the marketplace demand for these licensed properties, which could in turn lead to a decrease in licensed product sales.

We also face the risk of claims that we have infringed third parties’ intellectual property rights, which could be expensive and time consuming to defend, cause us to cease using certain intellectual property rights, redesign certain products or packaging, or cease selling certain products or services, result in our being required to pay significant damages or require us to enter into costly royalty or licensing agreements in order to obtain the rights to use third parties’ intellectual property rights, which royalty or licensing agreements may not be available at all, any of which could have a negative impact on our operating profits and harm our future prospects.

Risks Related to Our Indebtedness

Our substantial indebtedness and lease obligations could adversely affect our financial flexibility and our competitive position, and we may not be able to generate or distribute sufficient cash to service all our indebtedness.

Following our emergence from bankruptcy, we continue to have a substantial level of indebtedness (through our subsidiaries), and such level of debt may adversely impact our operations and financial results and increases the possibility that we may be unable to generate cash sufficient to pay, when due, the principal of, interest on, or other amounts due in respect of our indebtedness. Our substantial indebtedness could, among other things:

Inhibit our ability to satisfy our obligations with respect to our indebtedness, which could result in an event of default under the agreements governing such other indebtedness;
Require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to payments on our indebtedness, thereby reducing funds available for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, selling and marketing efforts, product development, and other purposes;
Increase our vulnerability to adverse economic and industry conditions and limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business;
Expose us to the risk of increasing interest rates, as certain of our borrowings, including under the New ABL Facility, are at variable interest rates; and
Restrict us from making strategic acquisitions or cause us to make non-strategic divestitures and limit our ability to borrow additional funds, or to dispose of assets to raise funds, if needed, for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, product development, and other corporate purposes.

Moreover, our ability to make scheduled payments on or to refinance such obligations depends on our financial condition and operating performance, which is subject to prevailing economic and competitive conditions and to certain financial, business, and other factors beyond our control. If our cash flows and capital resources are insufficient to fund our debt service obligations, we may be forced to reduce or delay investments and capital expenditures, or to sell assets, seek additional capital, or restructure or refinance our indebtedness. Any refinancing of our debt could be at higher interest rates and may require us to comply with more onerous covenants, which could further restrict our business operations. The credit facilities and the indentures governing the notes restrict our ability to dispose of assets and use the proceeds from the disposition. We may not be able to consummate those dispositions or obtain the proceeds that we could realize from them, and the proceeds may not be adequate to meet any debt service obligations then due.

Our subsidiaries own substantially all our assets and conduct substantially all our operations. Accordingly, repayment of our indebtedness will be dependent on the generation of cash flow by our subsidiaries and their ability to make such cash available to us, by dividend, debt repayment, or otherwise. Each subsidiary is a distinct legal

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entity, and, under certain circumstances, legal and contractual restrictions may limit our ability to obtain cash from our subsidiaries.

We and/or any of these subsidiaries could become insolvent or be restricted from making dividends in the future due to compliance with these restrictions from our debt or otherwise, and, therefore, we may be unable to service our indebtedness.

The occurrence of any one of these events could have a material and adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, prospects, and ability to satisfy our obligations under our indebtedness.

We may require additional capital to fund our business, which may not be available to us on satisfactory terms or at all.

We currently rely on cash generated by operations and borrowings available under our New ABL Facility to meet our working capital needs. However, if we are unable to generate sufficient cash from operations or if borrowings available under the New ABL Facility are insufficient, we may be required to adopt one or more alternatives to raise cash, such as incurring additional indebtedness, selling our assets, seeking to raise additional equity capital, or restructuring, which alternatives may not be available to us on satisfactory terms or at all. Any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on our business.

Significant interest rate changes could affect our profitability and financial performance.

Our earnings are affected by changes in interest rates because of our variable rate indebtedness under the New ABL Facility.

Our long-term liquidity requirements and the adequacy of our capital resources are difficult to predict at this time.

Our liquidity, including our ability to meet our ongoing operation obligations, is dependent upon, among other things: (i) our ability to comply with the terms, conditions, and covenants of the New ABL Facility and the Second Lien Notes; (ii) our ability to maintain adequate cash on hand; and (iii) our ability to generate cash flow from operations. In addition, the New ABL Facility requires us to, among other things, maintain certain minimum liquidity requirements. There is no certainty that we will be able to comply with the covenants of the New ABL Facility or that cash on hand and cash flow from operations will be sufficient to continue to fund our operations and allow us to satisfy our short and long-term obligations.

Because of our financial condition, we will have heightened exposure to, and less ability to withstand, the operating risks that are customary in our industry, such as fluctuations in helium and other raw material prices and currency exchange rates. These factors could result in the need for substantial additional funding. A number of other factors, including the factors described herein related to our bankruptcy proceedings, our recent financial results, and the competitive environment we face, could adversely affect the availability and terms of funding that might be available to us subsequent to our emergence from bankruptcy. As such, we may not be able to source post-emergence capital at rates acceptable to us, or at all, to fund our current operations. The inability to obtain necessary additional funding on acceptable terms would have a material adverse impact on us and our ability to sustain our operations.

 

Risks Related to Material Weaknesses

We have identified material weaknesses in our internal controls over financial reporting and may identify additional material weaknesses in the future or otherwise fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls, which may result in material misstatements of our consolidated financial statements or cause us to fail to meet our periodic reporting obligations.

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of a company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. We identified material weaknesses in our internal controls over financial reporting as of December 31, 2022, related to: (i) internal controls in the financial reporting processes, including a lack of segregation of duties within the accounts payable process, lack of effective controls surrounding the proper review and timeliness of information used in account reconciliations, journal entry review, and vendor invoice processing; (ii) information technology general controls in the areas of user access

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management and segregation of duties, within certain systems supporting the Company's accounting and reporting processes, were not designed or operating effectively; (iii) adequate documentation was not maintained to demonstrate management’s review supporting the assumptions used in our impairment testing of indefinite-lived intangible assets and long-lived assets; and (iv) inadequate identification and review procedures over debt covenant requirements and restrictions, which led to a failure to detect and timely report a covenant violation related to tax payments; and (v) inadequate processes and internal controls relating to management’s analysis under ASC Subtopic 205-40 of whether there were conditions or events giving rise to substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the financial statements were issued, which resulted in a material error in management’s assessment of the Company’s ability to remain a going concern in connection with filing its form 10-Q for the third quarter of 2022.

Our management, under the oversight of the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors, has begun evaluating and implementing measures designed to ensure that the control deficiencies contributing to the material weaknesses are remediated. In particular, we are taking steps to remediate our material weaknesses by:

Developing action plans to address control deficiencies identified within certain key financial processes;
Evaluating a new transactional accounting and enterprise resource planning software on a company-wide basis, which, if implemented, would potentially strengthen our control environment;
Ensuring compliance with policies for effective and timely review of journal entries and account reconciliations and other financial statement close analyses and processes;
Assessing and implementing further segregation of duties to reduce risks that could present a reasonable possibility of material misstatements;
Updating our quarterly User Access Review and Privileged Access Review procedures to include employees, contractors, and vendor accounts; including warehouse user IDs. Additionally, the quarterly User Access Review and Privileged Access Review will be updated to include a formal lookback of user access including Administrator accounts;
Enhancement and retention of the documentation related to timely terminations of temporary distribution center employees;
Enhancement of the documentation demonstrating management’s review of key assumptions used in the development of subjective accounting conclusions and re-enforcing the need to maintain and retain such documentation;
Improving the effectiveness of the monitoring and review of debt covenants to ensure the timely reporting of any covenant violations and augmenting staff with personnel having the appropriate experience and skill sets to support management’s debt covenant reviews; and
Filling key open positions, including the Chief Accounting Officer, Chief Information Security Officer, Global Operations Controller, and Director of External Reporting and Technical Accounting roles.

The material weaknesses will not be considered remediated until management completes the design and implementation of the measures described above and the controls operate for a sufficient period of time and management has concluded, through testing, that these controls are effective. We also may conclude that additional measures may be required to remediate the material weaknesses or determine to modify the remediation plans described above.

While we are designing and implementing new controls and measures to remediate these material weaknesses as noted above, we cannot assure you that the measures we are taking will be sufficient to remediate the material weakness or avoid the identification of additional material weaknesses in the future. Our failure to implement and maintain effective internal control over financial reporting could result in errors in our consolidated financial statements that could result in a restatement of our financial statements and could cause us to fail to meet our periodic reporting obligations, any of which could diminish investor confidence in us.

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General Risk Factors

Changes in laws, policies, or regulations related to taxes could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Laws and regulations associated with taxation requirements, including changes in applicable income tax rates, new tax laws, and revised tax law interpretations, may go through changes which are detrimental to our business, financial condition, or results of operations. In light of recent and potential future changes to the corporate income tax rate and corporate taxation more generally, we continually examine the long-term impact of tax changes at the federal, state, and local levels to our business and results of operations. See Note 14 of our consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8, for more information.
 

We are also subject to regular reviews, examinations, and audits by the Internal Revenue Service and other taxing authorities with respect to our taxes. There are uncertainties and ambiguities in the application of U.S. tax laws, and it is possible that the IRS could issue subsequent guidance or take positions on audits that differ from our interpretations and assumptions. There can be no assurance that payment of such additional amounts upon final adjudication of any disputes will not have a material impact on our results of operations and financial position.

We may face risks associated with litigation and claims.

From time to time, we may become involved in other legal proceedings relating to the conduct of our business, including but not limited to, employee-related and consumer matters. Additionally, as a retailer and manufacturer of decorated party goods, we have been and may continue to be subject to product liability claims if the use of our products, whether manufactured by us or third-party manufacturers, is alleged to have resulted in injury or if our products include inadequate instructions or warnings. Such matters can be time-consuming, divert management’s attention and resources, and cause us to incur significant expenses. Due to the uncertainties of litigation, we can give no assurance that we will prevail on all claims made against us in the lawsuits that we currently face or that additional claims will not be made against us in the future. Furthermore, because litigation is inherently uncertain, the results of any current or future litigation, individually or in the aggregate, may have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, or financial condition.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

Not applicable.

31


 

Item 2. Properties

The table below summarizes our current facilities, which in large part support our wholesale segment:

 

Location

 

Principal Activity

Woodcliff Lake, New Jersey

 

Executive and other corporate offices, showrooms, design and art production for party products

East Providence, Rhode Island

 

Manufacture and distribution of plastic plates, cups and bowls

Newburgh, New York

 

Manufacture of paper napkins and cups

Tijuana, Mexico

 

Manufacture and distribution of plates and other party products

Chester, New York

 

Distribution of party products

 

32


 

As of December 31, 2022, Company-operated and franchised permanent stores for our retail operations were located in the following states and Puerto Rico:

 

State

 

Company-Operated

 

 

Franchise

 

 

Chain-Wide

 

Alabama

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

Alaska

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Arizona

 

 

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

14

 

Arkansas

 

 

1

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

4

 

California

 

 

90

 

 

 

17

 

 

 

107

 

Colorado

 

 

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

 

Connecticut

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

Delaware

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Florida

 

 

64

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

68

 

Georgia

 

 

29

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

30

 

Iowa

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

Illinois

 

 

42

 

 

 

 

 

 

42

 

Indiana

 

 

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

20

 

Kansas

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

Kentucky

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

Louisiana

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

Massachusetts

 

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

21

 

Maryland

 

 

22

 

 

 

 

 

 

22

 

Maine

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Michigan

 

 

26

 

 

 

 

 

 

26

 

Minnesota

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

Missouri

 

 

17

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

18

 

Mississippi

 

 

1

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

3

 

Montana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

North Carolina

 

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

21

 

North Dakota

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

Nebraska

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

New Hampshire

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

New Jersey

 

 

27

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

28

 

New Mexico

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

Nevada

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

New York

 

 

57

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

58

 

Puerto Rico

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

4

 

Ohio

 

 

26

 

 

 

 

 

 

26

 

Oklahoma

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

Oregon

 

 

3

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

4

 

Pennsylvania

 

 

28

 

 

 

 

 

 

28

 

Rhode Island

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

South Carolina

 

 

10

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

11

 

Tennessee

 

 

14

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

16

 

Texas

 

 

77

 

 

 

13

 

 

 

90

 

Virginia

 

 

20

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

22

 

Vermont

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Washington

 

 

16

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

17

 

Wisconsin

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

West Virginia

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

Total

 

 

775

 

 

 

54

 

 

 

829

 

Additionally, at December 31, 2022, there were five franchise stores in Mexico.

In 2022, we operated 149 temporary stores in the United States, principally under the Halloween City banner. We operate such stores under short-term leases with terms of approximately three months.

We lease the property for all of our company-operated stores, which generally range in size from approximately 10,000 square feet to 20,000 square feet. We do not believe that any individual store property is material to our financial condition or results of operations.

33


 

As part of its bankruptcy reorganization plan, the Company restructured the remaining term and economics of certain retail and non-retail properties within its lease portfolio, including permanent abandonment of certain leases. In particular, for its retail leases, management attempted to tailor such negotiations to a particular store’s current and future performance, location, and size to ensure economic stability and reduce future performance risk.

Ultimately, the actions discussed above resulted in the abandonment of 68 unexpired store leases, as well as the renegotiation of a substantial portion of the Company’s remaining lease portfolio.

From time to time, we are subject to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business activities. The Company does not believe that any pending proceedings of which it is aware will result, individually or in the aggregate, in a material adverse effect upon its financial condition or future results of operations and no material legal proceedings were terminated, settled or otherwise resolved during the fourth quarter of the year ended December 31, 2022.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

34


 

PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

On January 18, 2023 as a result of the Chapter 11 Cases, the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE” or the “Exchange”) commenced proceedings to delist the Company’s common stock from the NYSE. Under NYSE delisting procedures, the Company had the right to appeal this determination but did not exercise its right to do so. On February 3, 2023, the NYSE notified the SEC of its intention to remove the Company’s common stock from listing and registration on the Exchange pursuant to the provisions of Rule 12d2-2(b) beginning on February 14, 2023. In the opinion of the Exchange, the Company’s common stock was no longer suitable for continued listing and trading on the Exchange. Accordingly, as of February 14, 2023, the Company’s common stock is no longer listed on the NYSE. The Company’s common stock began trading on the OTC Pink Open Market on February 14, 2023, under the symbol “PRTYQ” and ceased trading on October 12, 2023 (the Effective Date of the Plan).

Dividend Policy

The documents governing the Company’s indebtedness contain restrictions on the Company’s activities, including paying dividends on its capital stock and restricting dividends or other payments to the Company. See Note 9 of our consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8, for further discussion. Prior to the cancellation of the Company’s common stock on the Effective Date, the Company did not pay any cash dividends in 2022 or 2023.

 

35


 

Stock Performance Graph

The stock performance graph shall not be deemed “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the SEC, nor shall such information be incorporated by reference into any future filing by us under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, except to the extent that we specifically incorporate the graph by reference in such filing.

The line graph below compares the cumulative total stockholder return on the Company’s common stock with the S&P 500 Index and the Dow Jones U.S. Specialty Retailers Index for the period from the completion of our initial public offering on April 16, 2015 through December 31, 2022. The graph assumes an investment of $100 made at the closing of trading on April 16, 2015 in (i) the Company’s common stock, (ii) the stocks comprising the S&P 500 Index and (iii) the stocks comprising the Dow Jones U.S. Specialty Retailers Index. All values assume reinvestment of the full amount of all dividends, if any, into additional shares of the same class of equity securities at the frequency with which dividends were paid on such securities during the applicable time period. The stock price performance included in the line graph below is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance. The stock performance graph shall not be deemed “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the SEC, nor shall such information be incorporated by reference into any future filing by us under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, except to the extent that we specifically incorporate the graph by reference in such filing.

https://cdn.kscope.io/98b765fadbcceb2453ae65296bd49896-img72587644_0.jpg
 

Item 6. [Reserved]

 

36


 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Business Overview

Our Company

We are a leading party goods company by revenue in North America and, we believe, the largest vertically integrated supplier of decorated party goods globally by revenue. We are a popular one-stop shopping destination for party supplies, balloons, and costumes. In addition to being a great retail brand, we are a global organization that combines manufacturing and sourcing operations and wholesale operations with a multi-channel retailing strategy and e-commerce retail operations. We design, manufacture, source and distribute party goods, including paper and plastic tableware, metallic and latex balloons, Halloween and other costumes, accessories, novelties, gifts and stationery throughout the world. Our retail operations currently include approximately 770 specialty retail party supply stores, which includes franchise stores throughout North America operating under the names Party City and Halloween City, and e-commerce websites, which offer rapid, contactless, and same day shipping options (including in store and at curb side), principally through the domain name partycity.com.

In addition to our retail operations, we are global designers, manufacturers, and distributors of decorated consumer party products, with items found in retail outlets worldwide, including independent party supply stores, mass merchants, grocery retailers, e-commerce merchandisers and dollar stores.

Chapter 11 Cases and Emergence from Bankruptcy

See “Item 1 - Business - Chapter 11 Cases” and “Item 1 - Business - Subsequent Event - Emergence from Chapter 11 Cases” for information regarding the Company’s emergence from the Chapter 11 Cases on October 12, 2023.

Anagram Bankruptcy and Disposition

See “Item 1 - Business - Subsequent Event - Anagram Bankruptcy” for information regarding Anagram’s bankruptcy and disposition.

How We Assess the Performance of Our Company

In assessing the performance of our company, we consider a variety of performance and financial measures for our two reportable operating segments, Retail and Wholesale. These key measures include revenues and gross profit, comparable retail same-store sales and operating expenses. We also review other metrics such as adjusted EBITDA. For a discussion of our use of these measures and a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss), please refer to “Financial Measures – Adjusted EBITDA” and “Results of Operations” below.

Segments

We have two reportable operating segments: Retail and Wholesale.

Our retail segment generates revenue primarily through the sale of our party supplies through Party City, Halloween City, and partycity.com. During 2022, 79.8% of the product that was sold by our retail segment was supplied by our wholesale segment and 24.6% of the product that was sold by our retail segment was self-manufactured.

Our retail operations are subject to significant seasonal variations. Historically, this segment has realized a significant portion of its revenues, cash flow and net income in the fourth quarter of the year, principally due to our Halloween sales in October and, to a lesser extent, year-end holiday sales. To maximize our seasonal opportunity, we operate a chain of temporary Halloween stores, under the Halloween City banner, from August through October of each year.

Our wholesale revenues are generated from the sale of decorated party goods for all occasions, including paper and plastic tableware, accessories and novelties, costumes, metallic and latex balloons, and stationery. Our products are sold at wholesale to party goods superstores (including our franchise stores), other party goods retailers, mass merchants, independent card and gift stores, dollar stores, and e-commerce merchandisers.

37


 

Intercompany sales between the wholesale and the retail segments are eliminated, and the wholesale profits on intercompany sales are deferred and realized at the time the merchandise is sold to the retail consumer. For operating segment reporting purposes, certain general and administrative expenses and art and development costs are allocated based on total revenues.

Financial Measures

Revenues. Revenue from retail store operations is recognized at the point of sale as control of the product is transferred to the customer at such time. Retail e-commerce sales are recognized when the consumer receives the product as control transfers upon delivery. We estimate future retail sales returns and record a provision in the period in which the related sales are recorded based on historical information. Retail sales are reported net of taxes collected.

Under the terms of our agreements with our franchisees, we provide both brand value (via significant advertising spend) and support with respect to planograms, in exchange for a royalty fee that ranges from 4% to 6% of the franchisees’ sales. The Company records the royalty fees at the time that the franchisees’ sales are recorded.

For most of our wholesale sales, control transfers upon the shipment of the product as legal title transfers at that date and at that time we have a present right to payment. Wholesale sales returns are not significant as we generally only accept the return of goods that were shipped to the customer in error or that were damaged when received by the customer. Additionally, we use the expected value method to reasonably estimate future sales returns, which considers our extensive documented historical experience operating as a party goods wholesaler.

Intercompany sales from our wholesale segment to our retail segment are eliminated in our consolidated total revenues.

Comparable Retail Same-Store Sales. The growth or decline in same-store sales represents the percentage change in same-store sales in the period presented compared to the prior year. Our presentation of same-store sales excludes the net sales of a store if that store was not open during the same period of the prior year. Additionally, acquired stores are excluded from same-store sales until they are converted to the Party City format and included in our sales for the comparable period of the prior year. Comparable sales are calculated based upon stores that were open at least thirteen full months as of the end of the applicable reporting period and do not exclude stores closed due to state regulations regarding COVID-19. When a store is reconfigured or relocated within the same general territory, the store continues to be treated as the same store. If, during the period presented, a store was closed, sales from that store up to and including the closing day are included as same-store sales, provided the store was open during the same period of the prior year. Same-store sales for the Party City brand include North American retail e-commerce sales.

Cost of Sales. Cost of sales at wholesale reflects the production costs (i.e., raw materials, labor and overhead) of manufactured goods and the direct cost of purchased goods, inventory shrinkage, inventory adjustments, inbound freight to our manufacturing and distribution facilities, distribution costs, and outbound freight to deliver goods to our wholesale customers. Retail cost of sales reflects the direct cost of goods purchased from third parties and the production or purchase costs of goods acquired from our wholesale segment. Retail cost of sales also includes inventory shrinkage, inventory adjustments, inbound freight, occupancy costs related to store operations (such as rent and common area maintenance, utilities, and depreciation on assets) and all logistics costs associated with our retail e-commerce business.

Our cost of sales increases in higher volume periods as the direct costs of manufactured and purchased goods, inventory shrinkage, and freight are generally tied to net sales. However, other costs are largely fixed or vary based on other factors and do not necessarily increase as sales volume increases. Changes in the mix of our products may also impact our overall cost of sales. The direct costs of manufactured and purchased goods are influenced by raw material costs (principally paper, petroleum-based resins, and cotton), domestic and international labor costs in the countries where our goods are purchased or manufactured, and logistics costs associated with transporting our goods. We monitor our inventory levels on an on-going basis to identify slow-moving goods.

Cost of sales related to sales from our wholesale segment to our retail segment are eliminated in our consolidated financial statements.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses (“SG&A”). Selling, general and administrative expenses include wholesale selling expenses, retail operating expenses, art and development costs, and other operating

38


 

expenses. Wholesale selling expenses include the costs associated with our wholesale sales and marketing efforts, including merchandising and customer service. Such costs include the salaries and benefits of the related work force, including sales-based bonuses and commissions, as well as catalog and showroom expenses, travel, and other operating costs. Certain selling expenses, such as sales-based bonuses and commissions, vary in proportion to sales, while other costs vary based on other factors, such as our marketing efforts, or are largely fixed and do not necessarily increase as sales volumes increase.

Retail operating expenses include all of the costs associated with retail store operations, excluding occupancy-related costs included in cost of sales. Costs include store payroll and benefits, advertising, supplies, and credit card costs. Retail expenses are largely variable but do not necessarily vary in proportion to net sales.

Art and development costs include the costs associated with art production, creative development, and product management. Costs include the salaries and benefits of the related work force. These expenses generally do not vary proportionally with net sales.

SG&A expenses also include all operating costs and franchise expenses not included elsewhere in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive (loss) income. These expenses include payroll and other expenses related to operations at our corporate offices, including occupancy costs, related depreciation and amortization, legal and professional fees, stock and equity-based compensation and data-processing costs. These expenses generally do not vary proportionally with net sales.

Store and Other Long-Lived Asset Impairments. Store and other long-lived asset impairments include impairment charges for vacated retail stores and office space, as well as impairment charges for active stores for which the carrying value of store assets exceed its projected discounted cash flows. In addition, in 2022, Store and Other Long-Lived Asset Impairments also include impairment charges related to abandoned information system projects.

In 2021 and 2020, Store and Other Long-Lived Asset Impairments included impairment and other charges related to the facility closures and the Company’s store optimization program, respectively, as discussed in more detail in Note 3 of our consolidated financial statements in Part II, Item 8.

Goodwill and Intangible Assets Impairments. Goodwill impairment is recognized when the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value. Impairment is recognized for the Company’s indefinite-lived trade names when the estimated fair value of the trade name is less than its carrying amount. Impairment for finite-lived intangible assets is recognized when is more likely than not that those long-lived assets will be disposed of significantly before the end of their previously estimated useful lives or when events occur that indicate the asset is not recoverable.

Loss on Disposal of Assets in International Operations. In January 2021, the Company sold a substantial portion of its international operations. As of December 31, 2020, the assets and liabilities of the international operations were considered held for sale, and the loss reserve on the assets was recorded to this line item in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive (loss) income.

Adjusted EBITDA. We define EBITDA as net income (loss) before interest expense, net, income taxes, depreciation and amortization. We define Adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA, further adjusted to eliminate the impact of certain items that we do not consider indicative of our core operating performance. We believe that Adjusted EBITDA is an appropriate measure of operating performance in addition to EBITDA because we believe it assists investors in comparing our performance across reporting periods on a consistent basis by eliminating the impact of items that we do not believe are indicative of our core operating performance. In addition, we use Adjusted EBITDA: (i) as a factor in determining incentive compensation, (ii) to evaluate the effectiveness of our business strategies, and (iii) because the credit facilities use Adjusted EBITDA to measure compliance with certain covenants.

The Company presents Adjusted EBITDA as a supplemental non-GAAP measure of its operating performance. You are encouraged to evaluate Adjusted EBITDA and the reasons the Company considers it appropriate for supplemental analysis. In evaluating Adjusted EBITDA, you should be aware that in the future, the Company may incur expenses that are the same as, or similar to, some of the adjustments in this presentation. The Company’s presentation of Adjusted EBITDA should not be construed as an inference that the Company’s future results will be unaffected by unusual or non-recurring items. Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool. Because of these limitations, Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for performance measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. The Company compensates for these limitations by

39


 

relying primarily on its GAAP results and using Adjusted EBITDA on a supplemental basis, and a reconciliation of the most comparable GAAP financial measure to Adjusted EBITDA is provided. Some of the limitations of these Adjusted EBITDA are:

it does not reflect the Company’s cash expenditures or future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments;
it does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, the Company’s working capital needs;
it does not reflect the significant interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments, on the Company’s indebtedness;
although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future, and Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements;
non-cash compensation is a key element of the Company’s overall long-term incentive compensation package, although the Company excludes it as an expense when evaluating its core operating performance for a particular period;
it does not reflect the impact of certain cash charges resulting from matters the Company considers not to be indicative of its ongoing operations; and
other companies in the Company’s industry may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently than the Company does, which could limit its usefulness as a comparative measure.

Results of Operations

Overview

Impact of Macro and Consumer Environment on Our Business

In recent years, our business was impacted by many of the macroeconomic inflationary headwinds affecting other businesses, which have resulted in higher input costs including higher costs associated with: (i) freight and transportation; (ii) commodities such as helium; (iii) raw materials and finished goods; and (iv) wage rates for talent. These factors and the Company’s responses to them, including raising product prices, have impacted consumer discretionary spending and purchasing behavior, leading to continued pressure on margins and overall profitability, and some of these headwinds have continued into 2023 while some have abated. As such, our forward-looking projections of revenues, earnings, and cash flow may be adversely impacted if the macroeconomic environment continues or further deteriorates.

While we navigate this near-term turbulence in costs, we are being thoughtful with our mitigating actions on pricing and are reassessing all vendor relationships. Further, given the continued broader macro pressures, we are operating the business with even more discipline from an expense and capital standpoint. We are also continuing to focus on our strategic priorities of enhancements to customer engagement as well as digital, information technology, and supply chain.

We will continue on the path of progressing our transformation strategy, focusing on fewer initiatives, addressing structural costs (including workforce reductions already enacted), and increasing operating efficiencies given the challenging environment. Also, as part the reorganization we are undertaking as a result of the Chapter 11 Cases, we are assessing further cost savings opportunities for 2023 and beyond.

Freight and Transportation

While we saw freight and transportation costs increase in 2021 and 2022 as a result of global supply chain bottlenecks and elevated energy price pressures, such cost increases have eased in 2023, and we have experienced lower freight and transportation costs.

Talent Constraints

In recent years prior to 2023, our operations were impacted by labor availability and, in response, we increased wage rates throughout 2021 and 2022 to attract and retain talent at our retail stores and in our distribution facilities. However, management has enacted certain store staffing initiatives in an attempt to mitigate rising labor

40


 

costs and minimum wage increases anticipated in certain state and local municipalities in 2024.

Helium Constraints

Beginning in late 2021 and continuing into 2022, we saw both supply limitations and price increases for helium, which impacted consumer demand for balloons, pressuring both our retail and wholesale business segments. In response, the Company diversified its base of suppliers that provide products and materials to our retail stores, sought direct sourcing of helium, and refined retail pricing. Further, as a reaction to such market conditions, we have seen pressure on third-party wholesale balloon purchases. Although the industry continues to face increased costs, which impact consumer demand, we believe that our mitigation measures have significantly offset the pressures faced due to global helium capacity constraints. From a cost perspective, our Retail segment experienced material increases in the cost of helium in 2022, with costs holding relatively consistent in 2023. We are continuing to diversify our source base of suppliers to mitigate future supply constraints.

For additional details, see Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors.”

OPERATING METRICS

We believe our financial results and growth model will continue to be driven by store count, wholesale share of shelf, manufacturing share of shelf management, and comparable sales. We believe these key operating metrics shown below as of and for the year ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 are useful to investors because management uses these metrics to assess the growth of our business and the effectiveness of our marketing and operational strategies.

 

 

 

Year ended December 31,

 

 

 

2022

 

 

2021

 

Store Count

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate Stores:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning of period

 

 

759

 

 

 

746

 

New stores opened

 

 

11

 

 

 

10

 

Acquired

 

 

11

 

 

 

10

 

Closed

 

 

(6

)

 

 

(7

)

End of period

 

 

775

 

 

 

759

 

Franchise Stores:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning of period

 

 

72

 

 

 

85

 

Sold to Party City

 

 

(11

)

 

 

(10

)

Closed

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(3

)

End of period

 

 

59

 

 

 

72

 

Grand Total

 

 

834

 

 

 

831

 

 

 

 

Year ended December 31,

 

 

2022

 

2021

Wholesale Share of Shelf (a)

 

79.8%

 

81.1%

Manufacturing Share of Shelf (b)

 

24.6%

 

26.7%

 

 

Year ended December 31,

 

 

2022

 

2021

Brand comparable sales (c)

 

-1.4%

 

34.2%

(a)
Wholesale share of shelf represents the percentage of our retail product cost of sales supplied by our wholesale operations.
(b)
Manufacturing share of shelf represents the percentage of our retail product cost of sales manufactured by the Company.
(c)
Party City brand comparable sales include North American e-commerce sales. Comparable store sales growth represents the percentage change in sales in one period from the same prior year period for Company-operated stores open for 13 months or longer.

Year Ended December 31, 2022 Compared To Year Ended December 31, 2021

The following tables set forth selected historical consolidated financial data for the periods and as of the dates indicated below. The tables include our operating results and operating results as a percentage of total revenues for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021.

41


 

For a detailed discussion of our consolidated results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to the year ended December 31, 2020, see Part II, Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation” under “Results of Operations” in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.

 

 

 

 

Year ended December 31,

 

 

2022

 

 

 

2021

 

 

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

Net sales

 

$

2,169,878

 

 

 

100.0

 

%

 

$

2,171,060

 

 

 

100.0

 

%

Cost of sales

 

 

1,437,077

 

 

 

66.2

 

 

 

 

1,403,004

 

 

 

64.6

 

 

Gross profit

 

 

732,801

 

 

 

33.8

 

 

 

 

768,056

 

 

 

35.4

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

707,246

 

 

 

32.6

 

 

 

 

671,165

 

 

 

30.9

 

 

Store and other long-lived asset impairments

 

 

23,277

 

 

 

1.1

 

 

 

 

9,048

 

 

 

0.4

 

 

Loss on disposal of assets in international operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,211

 

 

 

0.1

 

 

Goodwill and intangible asset impairments

 

 

862,544

 

 

 

39.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Loss) income from operations

 

 

(860,266

)

 

 

(39.6

)

 

 

 

84,632

 

 

 

3.9

 

 

Interest expense, net

 

 

102,647

 

 

 

4.7

 

 

 

 

87,226

 

 

 

4.0

 

 

Other (income) expense, net

 

 

(3,789

)

 

 

(0.2

)

 

 

 

(614

)

 

 

 

 

Gain on debt repayment/refinancing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,106

)

 

 

(0.1

)

 

Loss before income taxes

 

 

(959,124

)

 

 

(44.2

)

 

 

 

(874

)

 

 

 

 

Income tax (benefit) expense

 

 

(16,494

)

 

 

(0.8

)

 

 

 

5,708

 

 

 

0.3

 

 

Net loss

 

 

(942,630

)

 

 

(43.4

)

%

 

 

(6,582

)

 

 

(0.3

)

%

Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(54

)

 

 

 

 

Net loss attributable to common shareholders of
   Party City Holdco Inc.

 

$

(942,630

)

 

 

(43.4

)

%